Influence of CH center dot center dot center dot N Interaction in the Self-Assembly of an Oligo(isoquinolyne-ethynylyne) Molecule with Distinct Conformational States

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Influence of CH center dot center dot center dot N Interaction in the Self-Assembly of an Oligo(isoquinolyne-ethynylyne) Molecule with Distinct Conformational States. / Nuermaimaiti, Ajiguli; Ning, Yanxiao; Cramer, Jacob L.; Svane, Katrine L.; Hammer, Bjork; Gothelf, Kurt V.; Linderoth, Trolle R.

I: Langmuir, Bind 33, Nr. 41, 17.10.2017, s. 10782-10791.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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@article{6ad9c1b492a44459afa82b15077944d6,
title = "Influence of CH center dot center dot center dot N Interaction in the Self-Assembly of an Oligo(isoquinolyne-ethynylyne) Molecule with Distinct Conformational States",
abstract = "Molecular conformational flexibility can play an important role in supramolecular self-assembly on surfaces, affecting not least chiral molecular assemblies. To explicitly and systematically investigate the role of molecular conformational flexibility in surface self-assembly, we synthesized a three-bit conformational switch where each of three switching units on the molecules can assume one of two distinct binary positions on the surface. The molecules are designed to promote C-H center dot center dot center dot N type hydrogen bonds between the switching units. While supramolecular self-assembly based on strong hydrogen-bonding interactions has been widely explored, less is known about the role of such weaker directional interactions for surface self-assembly. The synthesized molecules consist of three nitrogen-containing isoquinoline (IQ) bits connected by ethynylene spokes and terminated by tert-butyl (tBu) groups. Using high-resolution scanning tunnelling microscopy, we investigate the self-assembly of the IQ-tBu molecules on a Au(111) surface under ultrahigh-vacuum conditions. The molecules form extended domains of brick-wall structure where the molecular backbones are packed regularly but without selection of specific molecular conformations. However, statistical analysis of the extended network demonstrates alignment/correlation for the orientations of the switching units indicating specific interactions. The primary interaction motifs in the structure are quantified from DFT calculations, showing that the brick-wall structure is indeed stabilized by two types of weak C-H center dot center dot center dot N bonds, involving either aromatic hydrogens on the IQ groups or nonaromatic hydrogens on the tBu groups. Analysis of the C-H center dot center dot center dot N interactions in the brick-wall structure explains the observed distribution and alignment of molecular conformations as well as the overall organization of the molecular surface structures.",
keywords = "SCANNING-TUNNELING-MICROSCOPY, TRANS ISOMERIZATION, AZOBENZENE, NETWORKS, SURFACES, AU(111), PORPHYRINS, RING, STM",
author = "Ajiguli Nuermaimaiti and Yanxiao Ning and Cramer, {Jacob L.} and Svane, {Katrine L.} and Bjork Hammer and Gothelf, {Kurt V.} and Linderoth, {Trolle R.}",
year = "2017",
month = oct,
day = "17",
doi = "10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b02207",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "10782--10791",
journal = "Langmuir",
issn = "0743-7463",
publisher = "AMER CHEMICAL SOC",
number = "41",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of CH center dot center dot center dot N Interaction in the Self-Assembly of an Oligo(isoquinolyne-ethynylyne) Molecule with Distinct Conformational States

AU - Nuermaimaiti, Ajiguli

AU - Ning, Yanxiao

AU - Cramer, Jacob L.

AU - Svane, Katrine L.

AU - Hammer, Bjork

AU - Gothelf, Kurt V.

AU - Linderoth, Trolle R.

PY - 2017/10/17

Y1 - 2017/10/17

N2 - Molecular conformational flexibility can play an important role in supramolecular self-assembly on surfaces, affecting not least chiral molecular assemblies. To explicitly and systematically investigate the role of molecular conformational flexibility in surface self-assembly, we synthesized a three-bit conformational switch where each of three switching units on the molecules can assume one of two distinct binary positions on the surface. The molecules are designed to promote C-H center dot center dot center dot N type hydrogen bonds between the switching units. While supramolecular self-assembly based on strong hydrogen-bonding interactions has been widely explored, less is known about the role of such weaker directional interactions for surface self-assembly. The synthesized molecules consist of three nitrogen-containing isoquinoline (IQ) bits connected by ethynylene spokes and terminated by tert-butyl (tBu) groups. Using high-resolution scanning tunnelling microscopy, we investigate the self-assembly of the IQ-tBu molecules on a Au(111) surface under ultrahigh-vacuum conditions. The molecules form extended domains of brick-wall structure where the molecular backbones are packed regularly but without selection of specific molecular conformations. However, statistical analysis of the extended network demonstrates alignment/correlation for the orientations of the switching units indicating specific interactions. The primary interaction motifs in the structure are quantified from DFT calculations, showing that the brick-wall structure is indeed stabilized by two types of weak C-H center dot center dot center dot N bonds, involving either aromatic hydrogens on the IQ groups or nonaromatic hydrogens on the tBu groups. Analysis of the C-H center dot center dot center dot N interactions in the brick-wall structure explains the observed distribution and alignment of molecular conformations as well as the overall organization of the molecular surface structures.

AB - Molecular conformational flexibility can play an important role in supramolecular self-assembly on surfaces, affecting not least chiral molecular assemblies. To explicitly and systematically investigate the role of molecular conformational flexibility in surface self-assembly, we synthesized a three-bit conformational switch where each of three switching units on the molecules can assume one of two distinct binary positions on the surface. The molecules are designed to promote C-H center dot center dot center dot N type hydrogen bonds between the switching units. While supramolecular self-assembly based on strong hydrogen-bonding interactions has been widely explored, less is known about the role of such weaker directional interactions for surface self-assembly. The synthesized molecules consist of three nitrogen-containing isoquinoline (IQ) bits connected by ethynylene spokes and terminated by tert-butyl (tBu) groups. Using high-resolution scanning tunnelling microscopy, we investigate the self-assembly of the IQ-tBu molecules on a Au(111) surface under ultrahigh-vacuum conditions. The molecules form extended domains of brick-wall structure where the molecular backbones are packed regularly but without selection of specific molecular conformations. However, statistical analysis of the extended network demonstrates alignment/correlation for the orientations of the switching units indicating specific interactions. The primary interaction motifs in the structure are quantified from DFT calculations, showing that the brick-wall structure is indeed stabilized by two types of weak C-H center dot center dot center dot N bonds, involving either aromatic hydrogens on the IQ groups or nonaromatic hydrogens on the tBu groups. Analysis of the C-H center dot center dot center dot N interactions in the brick-wall structure explains the observed distribution and alignment of molecular conformations as well as the overall organization of the molecular surface structures.

KW - SCANNING-TUNNELING-MICROSCOPY

KW - TRANS ISOMERIZATION

KW - AZOBENZENE

KW - NETWORKS

KW - SURFACES

KW - AU(111)

KW - PORPHYRINS

KW - RING

KW - STM

U2 - 10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b02207

DO - 10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b02207

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28968110

VL - 33

SP - 10782

EP - 10791

JO - Langmuir

JF - Langmuir

SN - 0743-7463

IS - 41

ER -