Individualized dynamic methylation-based analysis of cell-free DNA in postoperative monitoring of lung cancer

Kezhong Chen, Guannan Kang, Zhihong Zhang, Analyn Lizaso, Stefan Beck, Iben Lyskjær Heimann

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Background: The feasibility of DNA methylation-based assays in detecting minimal residual disease (MRD) and postoperative monitoring remains unestablished. We aim to investigate the dynamic characteristics of cancer-related methylation signals and the feasibility of methylation-based MRD detection in surgical lung cancer patients. Methods: Matched tumor, tumor-adjacent tissues, and longitudinal blood samples from a cohort (MEDAL) were analyzed by ultra-deep targeted sequencing and bisulfite sequencing. A tumor-informed methylation-based MRD (timMRD) was employed to evaluate the methylation status of each blood sample. Survival analysis was performed in the MEDAL cohort (n = 195) and validated in an independent cohort (DYNAMIC, n = 36). Results: Tumor-informed methylation status enabled an accurate recurrence risk assessment better than the tumor-naïve methylation approach. Baseline timMRD-scores were positively correlated with tumor burden, invasiveness, and the existence and abundance of somatic mutations. Patients with higher timMRD-scores at postoperative time-points demonstrated significantly shorter disease-free survival in the MEDAL cohort (HR: 3.08, 95% CI: 1.48–6.42; P = 0.002) and the independent DYNAMIC cohort (HR: 2.80, 95% CI: 0.96–8.20; P = 0.041). Multivariable regression analysis identified postoperative timMRD-score as an independent prognostic factor for lung cancer. Compared to tumor-informed somatic mutation status, timMRD-scores yielded better performance in identifying the relapsed patients during postoperative follow-up, including subgroups with lower tumor burden like stage I, and was more accurate among relapsed patients with baseline ctDNA-negative status. Comparing to the average lead time of ctDNA mutation, timMRD-score yielded a negative predictive value of 97.2% at 120 days prior to relapse. Conclusions: The dynamic methylation-based analysis of peripheral blood provides a promising strategy for postoperative cancer surveillance. Trial registration: This study (MEDAL, MEthylation based Dynamic Analysis for Lung cancer) was registered on ClinicalTrials.gov on 08/05/2018 (NCT03634826). https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03634826 .

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer255
TidsskriftBMC Medicine
Vol/bind21
Nummer1
ISSN1741-7015
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 14 jul. 2023

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