In situ biomethanation: Inoculum origin influences acetate consumption rate during hydrogen addition

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Biological conversion of carbon dioxide (CO 2) to methane (CH 4) through the exogenous addition of hydrogen (H 2) represent a promising biotechnology for biogas upgrading and energy conversion through the process of H 2-mediated biomethanation. Acetate accumulation has however been observed during H 2 addition, which may deteriorate process stability. Using 13C-isotope techniques, we found that acetate consumption declined by 84% upon H 2 addition in digestate from lab-scale digesters treating agricultural waste products (AD-Manure) but did not decline in digestate based on wastewater treatment sludge (AD-WWT). Dominance of different acetoclastic methanogens, along with the fact that the H 2-sensitive process of syntrophic acetate oxidation (SAO) was responsible for converting 27% of the acetate in AD-Manure and only 4% in AD-WWT, could explain the different response of AD-Manure and AD-WWT. Our results improve the understanding of acetate consumption rates during H 2 addition in reactors treating different organic feedstock, and how these are suited for H 2-mediated biomethanation.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer100656
TidsskriftBioresource Technology Reports
Vol/bind14
Antal sider10
ISSN2589-014X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2021

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