Improved treatment of community-acquired pneumonia through tailored interventions: Results from a controlled, multicentre quality improvement project

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Markus Fally, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Gentofte Hospital, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Christian von Plessen, Centre for Primary Care and Public Health (Unisanté), University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Department of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark
  • ,
  • Jacob Anhøj, Rigshospitalet
  • ,
  • Thomas Benfield, Department of Infectious Diseases, Hvidovre, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Britta Tarp
  • Lise Notander Clausen, Department of Infectious Diseases, Nordsjællands Hospital, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Lilian Kolte, Department of Infectious Diseases, Nordsjællands Hospital, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Emma Diernaes
  • Line Molzen, Department of Infectious Diseases, Nordsjællands Hospital, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Regitze Seerup, Department of Infectious Diseases Clinical Research Centre, Hvidovre Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Hvidovre.
  • ,
  • Simone Israelsen, Department of Infectious Diseases, Hvidovre, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Anne-Marie Blok Hellesøe, Rigshospitalet
  • ,
  • Pernille Ravn, Department of Internal Medicine, Gentofte and Herlev Hospital, Herlev Ringvej 75, 2730, Herlev, Denmark.

BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the leading causes of healthcare utilisation and death worldwide. Treatment according to evidence-based clinical guidelines can reduce mortality, antibiotic exposure and length of hospital stay related to CAP.

LOCAL PROBLEM: Several studies, including a pilot study from one of our sites, indicate that physicians show a low grade of guideline adherence when managing patients with CAP.

METHODS: To improve the guideline-based treatment of patients with CAP admitted to hospital, we designed a quality improvement study. Four process indicators were combined in a CAP care bundle: chest X-ray, CURB-65 severity score, lower respiratory tract samples and antibiotics within 8 hours from admission. After a 4-month baseline period, we applied multiple interventions at three hospitals during 8 months. Progression in our process indicators was measured continuously and compared with a control site without interventions. After the 8-month intervention period, we continued with a 4-month follow-up period to assess the sustainability of the improvements.

RESULTS: The care bundle utilisation rate within 8 hours increased from 11% at baseline to 41% in the follow-up period at the intervention sites, whereas it remained below 3% at the control site. The most considerable improvements have been observed regarding documentation of CURB-65 (34% at baseline, 68% at follow-up) and the collection of lower respiratory tract samples (43% at baseline, 63% at follow-up).

CONCLUSION: Our study has demonstrated poor adherence to CAP guidelines at all sites at baseline. After implementing multiple tailored interventions, guideline adherence increased substantially. In conclusion, we recommend that CAP guidelines should be actively adapted in order to be followed in a daily routine.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere0234308
TidsskriftPLOS ONE
Vol/bind15
Nummer6
ISSN1932-6203
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2020

Se relationer på Aarhus Universitet Citationsformater

ID: 208140994