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Immunomodulatory and immunosuppressive therapies in cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus: A bedside-to-bench approach

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisReviewForskningpeer review



  • Rasmus R Mikkelsen, Aarhus Universitet
  • ,
  • Malthe P Hundahl, Aarhus Universitet
  • ,
  • Christopher K Torp
  • ,
  • Javier Rodríguez-Carrio, University of Oviedo, Hospital Universitari Principe de Asturias
  • ,
  • Mads Kjolby
  • Jens M Bruun
  • Tue W Kragstrup

OBJECTIVE: To assess which immunosuppressive drugs have been investigated and proven efficacious in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) or type 2 diabetes (T2D) without preexisting immune mediated disorders to validate in vitro and animal model findings on low grade inflammation (bedside-to-bench).

METHODS: Clinical trials on immunosuppressive drugs in CVD or T2D were found in PubMed. Studies on patients with preexisting immune mediated inflammatory disease were excluded. A total of 19 clinical trials testing canakinumab, anakinra, methotrexate, colchicine, hydroxychloroquine, etanercept and sulfasalazine were found.

RESULTS: Canakinumab and colchicine significantly reduced the risk of CVD, whereas methotrexate did not. Sulfasalazine showed no effect on vascular function. Anakinra and hydroxychloroquine had a positive effect on glycemic control and β-cell function in T2D. Etanercept had no effect in patients with T2D.

CONCLUSION: The observed results indicate that immunosuppressive drugs specifically targeting IL-1β hold promise for dampening CVD and T2D. These findings validate in vitro and animal models showing involvement of the IL-1-axis in the pathogenesis of CVD and T2D. The use of immunosuppressive drugs targeting the chronic inflammation in these diseases could be a possible future treatment strategy as an add-on to the existing pharmacological treatment of CVD and T2D. However, potential treatment effects, adverse events and cost-effectiveness should be carefully considered with importance for drug development.

TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2022

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Copyright © 2022. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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