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I-Kappa-B-Zeta Regulates Interleukin-17A/Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Mediated Synergistic Induction of Interleukin-19 and Interleukin-20 in Humane Keratinocytes

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Background: Interleukin (IL)-19 and IL-20 are important members of the IL-10 cytokine family, which are known to play a role in inflammatory processes. Both anti-IL-19 and -IL-20 targeting drugs have been suggested in the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis. Recently, we presented I-kappa-B-zeta (IκBζ) as a key player in psoriasis by identifying IκBζ as a regulator of IL-17/tumor necrosis factor (TNF)α-inducible psoriasis-associated genes and proteins. Some of these genes were synergistically regulated by IL-17/TNFα.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the role of IκBζ in the regulation of IL-17A/TNFα-mediated induction of IL-19 and IL-20 expression in human keratinocytes.

Methods: In vitro experiments with cultured primary humane keratinocytes were conducted and investigated by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), Western blotting, ELISA and EMSA. For statistics, a one- or two- way repeated-measures analysis of variance (RM ANOVA) or the Friedman test (a nonparametric equivalent to the RM ANOVA) were conducted.

Results: We demonstrated that IL-19 and IL-20 mRNA and protein expressions were synergistically induced by IL-17A and TNFα, whereas IL-17A and TNFα alone had only a minor effect on the IL-19 and IL-20 expression. Moreover, we demonstrated IκBζ to be a regulator of this synergistic induction of IL-19 and IL-20. Finally, the IL-17A/TNFα-induced synergistic induction of IL-19 and IL-20 expression was found to be mediated by a p38 MAPK-, NF-κB- and JNK1/2-dependent mechanism.

Conclusion: This study demonstrates that IκBζ plays a role in the IL-17A/TNFα-mediated synergistic induction of IL-19 and IL-20 in humane keratinocytes.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAnnals of Dermatology
Vol/bind33
Nummer2
Sider (fra-til)122-130
Antal sider9
ISSN1013-9087
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2021

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