Human activities have opposing effects on distributions of narrow-ranged and widespread plant species in China

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Standard

Human activities have opposing effects on distributions of narrow-ranged and widespread plant species in China. / Xu, Wu-Bing; Svenning, Jens-Christian; Chen, Guo-Ke; Zhang, Ming-Gang; Huang, Ji-Hong; Chen, Bin; Ordonez, Alejandro; Ma, Ke-Ping.

I: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Bind 116, Nr. 52, 12.2019, s. 26674–26681.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Xu, W-B, Svenning, J-C, Chen, G-K, Zhang, M-G, Huang, J-H, Chen, B, Ordonez, A & Ma, K-P 2019, 'Human activities have opposing effects on distributions of narrow-ranged and widespread plant species in China', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, bind 116, nr. 52, s. 26674–26681. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1911851116

APA

Xu, W-B., Svenning, J-C., Chen, G-K., Zhang, M-G., Huang, J-H., Chen, B., Ordonez, A., & Ma, K-P. (2019). Human activities have opposing effects on distributions of narrow-ranged and widespread plant species in China. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116(52), 26674–26681. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1911851116

CBE

Xu W-B, Svenning J-C, Chen G-K, Zhang M-G, Huang J-H, Chen B, Ordonez A, Ma K-P. 2019. Human activities have opposing effects on distributions of narrow-ranged and widespread plant species in China. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 116(52):26674–26681. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1911851116

MLA

Xu, Wu-Bing o.a.. "Human activities have opposing effects on distributions of narrow-ranged and widespread plant species in China". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2019, 116(52). 26674–26681. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1911851116

Vancouver

Xu W-B, Svenning J-C, Chen G-K, Zhang M-G, Huang J-H, Chen B o.a. Human activities have opposing effects on distributions of narrow-ranged and widespread plant species in China. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2019 dec;116(52):26674–26681. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1911851116

Author

Xu, Wu-Bing ; Svenning, Jens-Christian ; Chen, Guo-Ke ; Zhang, Ming-Gang ; Huang, Ji-Hong ; Chen, Bin ; Ordonez, Alejandro ; Ma, Ke-Ping. / Human activities have opposing effects on distributions of narrow-ranged and widespread plant species in China. I: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2019 ; Bind 116, Nr. 52. s. 26674–26681.

Bibtex

@article{f41f325d965f475fad238f1d28136ed4,
title = "Human activities have opposing effects on distributions of narrow-ranged and widespread plant species in China",
abstract = "Human activities have shaped large-scale distributions of many species, driving both range contractions and expansions. Species differ naturally in range size, with small-range species concentrated in particular geographic areas and potentially deviating ecologically from widespread species. Hence, species' responses to human activities may be influenced by their geographic range sizes, but if and how this happens are poorly understood. Here, we use a comprehensive distribution database and species distribution modeling to examine if and how human activities have affected the extent to which 9,701 vascular plants fill their climatic potential ranges in China. We find that narrow-ranged species have lower range filling and widespread species have higher range filling in the human-dominated southeastern part of China, compared with their counterparts distributed in the less human-influenced northwestern part. Variations in range filling across species and space are strongly associated with indicators of human activities (human population density, human footprint, and proportion of cropland) even after controlling for alternative drivers. Importantly, narrow-ranged and widespread species show negative and positive range-filling relationships to these human indicators, respectively. Our results illustrate that floras risk biotic homogenization as a consequence of anthropogenic activities, with narrow-ranged species becoming replaced by widespread species. Because narrow-ranged species are more numerous than widespread species in nature, negative impacts of human activities will be prevalent. Our findings highlight the importance of establishing more protected areas and zones of reduced human activities to safeguard the rich flora of China.",
keywords = "Biotic homogenization, Land use, Plant species distribution, Range filling, Range size, BIODIVERSITY, plant species distribution, RICHNESS, SIZE, PATTERNS, HABITAT DISTURBANCE, biotic homogenization, EUROPEAN PLANTS, NICHE BREADTH, range filling, BIOTIC HOMOGENIZATION, land use, range size, LAND-USE, CLIMATE",
author = "Wu-Bing Xu and Jens-Christian Svenning and Guo-Ke Chen and Ming-Gang Zhang and Ji-Hong Huang and Bin Chen and Alejandro Ordonez and Ke-Ping Ma",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2019 the Author(s). Published by PNAS.",
year = "2019",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1073/pnas.1911851116",
language = "English",
volume = "116",
pages = "26674–26681",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
publisher = "The National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
number = "52",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Human activities have opposing effects on distributions of narrow-ranged and widespread plant species in China

AU - Xu, Wu-Bing

AU - Svenning, Jens-Christian

AU - Chen, Guo-Ke

AU - Zhang, Ming-Gang

AU - Huang, Ji-Hong

AU - Chen, Bin

AU - Ordonez, Alejandro

AU - Ma, Ke-Ping

N1 - Copyright © 2019 the Author(s). Published by PNAS.

PY - 2019/12

Y1 - 2019/12

N2 - Human activities have shaped large-scale distributions of many species, driving both range contractions and expansions. Species differ naturally in range size, with small-range species concentrated in particular geographic areas and potentially deviating ecologically from widespread species. Hence, species' responses to human activities may be influenced by their geographic range sizes, but if and how this happens are poorly understood. Here, we use a comprehensive distribution database and species distribution modeling to examine if and how human activities have affected the extent to which 9,701 vascular plants fill their climatic potential ranges in China. We find that narrow-ranged species have lower range filling and widespread species have higher range filling in the human-dominated southeastern part of China, compared with their counterparts distributed in the less human-influenced northwestern part. Variations in range filling across species and space are strongly associated with indicators of human activities (human population density, human footprint, and proportion of cropland) even after controlling for alternative drivers. Importantly, narrow-ranged and widespread species show negative and positive range-filling relationships to these human indicators, respectively. Our results illustrate that floras risk biotic homogenization as a consequence of anthropogenic activities, with narrow-ranged species becoming replaced by widespread species. Because narrow-ranged species are more numerous than widespread species in nature, negative impacts of human activities will be prevalent. Our findings highlight the importance of establishing more protected areas and zones of reduced human activities to safeguard the rich flora of China.

AB - Human activities have shaped large-scale distributions of many species, driving both range contractions and expansions. Species differ naturally in range size, with small-range species concentrated in particular geographic areas and potentially deviating ecologically from widespread species. Hence, species' responses to human activities may be influenced by their geographic range sizes, but if and how this happens are poorly understood. Here, we use a comprehensive distribution database and species distribution modeling to examine if and how human activities have affected the extent to which 9,701 vascular plants fill their climatic potential ranges in China. We find that narrow-ranged species have lower range filling and widespread species have higher range filling in the human-dominated southeastern part of China, compared with their counterparts distributed in the less human-influenced northwestern part. Variations in range filling across species and space are strongly associated with indicators of human activities (human population density, human footprint, and proportion of cropland) even after controlling for alternative drivers. Importantly, narrow-ranged and widespread species show negative and positive range-filling relationships to these human indicators, respectively. Our results illustrate that floras risk biotic homogenization as a consequence of anthropogenic activities, with narrow-ranged species becoming replaced by widespread species. Because narrow-ranged species are more numerous than widespread species in nature, negative impacts of human activities will be prevalent. Our findings highlight the importance of establishing more protected areas and zones of reduced human activities to safeguard the rich flora of China.

KW - Biotic homogenization

KW - Land use

KW - Plant species distribution

KW - Range filling

KW - Range size

KW - BIODIVERSITY

KW - plant species distribution

KW - RICHNESS

KW - SIZE

KW - PATTERNS

KW - HABITAT DISTURBANCE

KW - biotic homogenization

KW - EUROPEAN PLANTS

KW - NICHE BREADTH

KW - range filling

KW - BIOTIC HOMOGENIZATION

KW - land use

KW - range size

KW - LAND-USE

KW - CLIMATE

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1911851116

DO - 10.1073/pnas.1911851116

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31843905

VL - 116

SP - 26674

EP - 26681

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 52

ER -