Homocysteine and female fertility, pregnancy loss and offspring birthweight: a two-sample Mendelian randomization study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  • Alisa D Kjaergaard
  • Yanxin Wu, Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sun Yat Sen University, Sch Phys & Astron
  • ,
  • Wai-Kit Ming, Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sun Yat Sen University, Sch Phys & Astron
  • ,
  • Zillian Wang, Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sun Yat Sen University, Sch Phys & Astron
  • ,
  • Mathias N Kjaergaard, Innovation and Technology Centre Proryv
  • ,
  • Christina Ellervik, Division of Genetics, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Division of Developmental Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Observational studies link elevated homocysteine concentrations (Hcy) with female fertility, pregnancy loss, and low offspring birthweight. Maternal rs1801133, a functional variant in MTHFR strongly associated with lifelong elevated Hcy, is associated with recurrent pregnancy loss and offspring birthweight in Asian women. We investigated if genetically elevated Hcy is associated with fertility, pregnancy loss, and offspring birthweight in European women.

SUBJECTS/METHODS: We performed a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) study using publicly available data. We obtained 18 genetic variants (five involved in Hcy metabolism) explaining up to 5.9% of the variance in Hcy from a genome-wide association meta-analysis of 44,147 European individuals (82% women). We investigated fertility (including age at menopause), pregnancy loss, and offspring birthweight in the UK Biobank (N = 194,174), EGG (N = 190,406), and ReproGen (N = 69,360-252,514) consortia using summary statistics. We calculated inverse-variance weighted, and several sensitivity MR regression statistics.

RESULTS: rs1801133 was associated with a 7.45 months (95% CI: 4.09, 10.80) increase in age at menopause and 29.69 (12.87, 46.51) g decrease in offspring birthweight per SD increase in Hcy in the UK biobank, and confirmed in EGG and ReproGen. MR for Hcy metabolism alone (five variants in MTHFR, MTR, CBS) showed similar results for offspring birthweight across consortia. However, using all 18 variants resulted in no association for any of the outcomes across consortia.

CONCLUSION: Hcy and suggestively vitamin B variants are most likely the drug targets for folate supplementation in pregnant women on the offspring birthweight, while Hcy variants related to renal function or diabetes are not involved.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
ISSN0954-3007
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 26 mar. 2021

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