Holocene sedimentary and environmental development of Aarhus Bay, Denmark – a multi-proxy study

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  • Peter Rasmussen, Environmental Archaeology and Materials Science Section, The National Museum of Denmark
  • ,
  • George Pantopoulos, University of Patras
  • ,
  • Jørn B. Jensen, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland
  • ,
  • Jesper Olsen
  • Hans Røy
  • Ole Bennike, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland

Holocene sedimentation patterns and environmental development in Aarhus Bay, Denmark, were reconstructed based on proxy analyses of two sediment cores (M1 and M5). Together, the two cores offer an opportunity to examine the history of the area during the past c. 10 000 years. The investigation consisted of acoustic mapping and multi-proxy analyses of the sediment cores including macrofossils, sediment physical properties, sediment accumulation rates, grain size, and X-ray fluorescence elemental counts. Radiocarbon dating of the two sediment successions revealed that they cover the periods c. 10 000–3700 cal. a BP (M1) and c. 4400 cal. a BP to the present (M5). The data from the M1 site indicate the presence of a near-shore lake environment between c. 10 000 and 9000 cal. a BP. The first intrusion of marine water into the area is dated to c. 9000 cal. a BP. In the following c. 1300 years, brackish-water conditions prevailed in the area characterized by a mixture of taxa from marine, limnic and terrestrial habitats, reflecting a shallow estuarine environment. Around 7700 cal. a BP full marine conditions were established, accompanied by a marked increase in sedimentation rates. The changes to full marine conditions and higher sedimentation rates are probably due to a significant sea-level rise leading to flooding of former land areas and intensified erosion. A subsequent distinct decrease in sedimentation rates around 6350 cal. a BP is presumably linked to a previously documented sea-level drop about this time. Continuous sedimentation ceased around 3700 cal. a BP in the central part of the bay, most probably due to a major sea-level lowering involving widespread erosion. In the eastern and deeper part of the bay, sedimentation continued until today. Fully marine conditions prevailed there for at least the last 4400 years.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBoreas
Vol/bind49
Nummer1
Sider (fra-til)108-128
Antal sider21
ISSN0300-9483
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 jan. 2020

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