Hip displacements and correctable scoliosis were prevalent in children with cerebral palsy registered in a Danish follow-up programme from 2010 to 2020

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Abstract

AIM: We need a better understanding of non-surgical interventions for hip dislocations and scoliosis. This study estimated the cumulative incidence of problems among children with cerebral palsy and described the type and frequency of therapist-led interventions.

METHODS: The study comprised 1482 children (58% male) aged 0-15 years, with a mean age of 3.6 years, who were registered in the Danish Cerebral Palsy Follow-up Programme from 2010 to 2020. We used the Kaplan-Meier estimator to examine the cumulative incidence of hip displacement, hip dislocation, correctable scoliosis and non-correctable scoliosis. The type and frequency of therapist-led interventions are reported descriptively.

RESULTS: The cumulative incidence of hip displacement and hip dislocation were 15.8% and 3.5%, respectively, and 39.0% and 13.9% for correctable and non-correctable scoliosis. The most frequently reported type of therapist-led intervention was a joint range of motion exercise. We found that 60.5% with hip displacements and 43.8% with correctable scoliosis used a standing aid. A further 5.4% used a spinal orthosis to prevent deformity and 8.1% for stabilisation.

CONCLUSION: Hip displacement and correctable scoliosis were prevalent in children with cerebral palsy, whereas the occurrence of hip dislocations and non-correctable scoliosis was low. The use of assistive aids was low.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)
Vol/bind113
Nummer2
Sider (fra-til)336-343
Antal sider8
ISSN0803-5253
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2024

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