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Haloperidol, a dopaminergic antagonist: somatostatin-like inhibition of glucagon and insulin release from the isolated, perfused canine pancreas

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The effect of haloperidol, a dopaminergic antagonist, on insulin and glucagon secretion was investigated using the isolated, perfused canine pancreas. Haloperidol at 4 X 10(-7) to 10(-5) mol/l caused a dose-dependent inhibition of glucagon release both at low (25 mg/100 ml) and high glucose concentrations (150 mg/100 ml). At the low glucose concentration insulin release was already maximally suppressed. At the high glucose concentration haloperidol (4 X 10(-7) to 10(-5) mol/1) also caused a dose-dependent inhibition of insulin release. Haloperidol (10(-5) mol/1) inhibited dramatically pancreatic A and B cell responses to isoproterenol (2 ng/ml), acetylcholine (1 mumol/1) and arginine (5 mmol/1). The inhibitory effect of haloperidol on both glucagon and insulin release could be eliminated by increasing perfusate calcium concentration from 1.3 to 8.8 mmol/1. These findings suggested that haloperidol blocks glucagon and insulin release in a somatostatin-like manner by affecting a fundamental step of the stimulus-secretion coupling, probably by interfering with calcium handling of the pancreatic A and B cells.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDiabetologia
Vol/bind15
Nummer4
Sider (fra-til)343-7
Antal sider5
ISSN0012-186X
StatusUdgivet - okt. 1978

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