H295R cells as a model for steroidogenic disruption: a broader perspective using simultaneous chemical analysis of 7 key steroid hormones.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Frederik Knud Nielsen
  • ,
  • Cecilie Hurup Hansen
  • ,
  • Jennifer Anna Fey
  • ,
  • Martin Hansen
  • Naja Wessel Jacobsen
  • ,
  • Bent Halling-Sørensen
  • ,
  • Erland Björklund
  • ,
  • Bjarne Styrishave
The effects of three model endocrine disruptors, prochloraz, ketoconazole and genistein on steroidogenesis were tested in the adrenocortical H295R cell line to demonstrate that a broader mechanistic understanding can be achieved in one assay by applying chemical analysis to the H295R assay. Seven key steroid hormones (pregnenolone, progesterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, androstenedione, testosterone, estrone and 17β-estradiol) were analyzed using a novel and thoroughly validated GC-MS/MS method. In addition to the simultaneous quantification of 7 steroid hormones, the present method also negates the potential problems of cross-reactivity that can be encountered in some immunoassays. Although all 3 test compounds decrease the concentrations of the main sex steroids, the chemicals exerted different effects upstream in the pathway. Exposure to prochloraz resulted in increased hormone levels upstream of steroid 17 alpha-hydroxylase/17,20 lyase (P450c17) and decreases downstream. Ketoconazole inhibited the entire pathway, while exposure to genistein resulted in increased hormone levels upstream of 3-β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3β-HSD) and decreases downstream. The results demonstrate that chemical analysis combined with the H295R cell assay is an useful tool for studying the mechanisms by which endocrine disruptors interfere with the steroidogenic pathway.
TidsskriftToxicology in vitro : an international journal published in association with BIBRA
Sider (fra-til)343-350
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - 1 mar. 2012
Eksternt udgivetJa

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