Group II metabotropic glutamate receptors mediate presynaptic inhibition of excitatory transmission in pyramidal neurons of the human cerebral cortex

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Group II metabotropic glutamate receptors mediate presynaptic inhibition of excitatory transmission in pyramidal neurons of the human cerebral cortex. / Bocchio, Marco; Lukacs, Istvan P.; Stacey, Richard; Plaha, Puneet; Apostolopoulos, Vasileios; Livermore, Laurent; Sen, Arjune; Ansorge, Olaf; Gillies, Martin J.; Somogyi, Peter; Capogna, Marco.

I: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience, Bind 12, 508, 04.01.2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Bocchio, M, Lukacs, IP, Stacey, R, Plaha, P, Apostolopoulos, V, Livermore, L, Sen, A, Ansorge, O, Gillies, MJ, Somogyi, P & Capogna, M 2019, 'Group II metabotropic glutamate receptors mediate presynaptic inhibition of excitatory transmission in pyramidal neurons of the human cerebral cortex', Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience, bind 12, 508. https://doi.org/10.3389/fncel.2018.00508

APA

Bocchio, M., Lukacs, I. P., Stacey, R., Plaha, P., Apostolopoulos, V., Livermore, L., Sen, A., Ansorge, O., Gillies, M. J., Somogyi, P., & Capogna, M. (2019). Group II metabotropic glutamate receptors mediate presynaptic inhibition of excitatory transmission in pyramidal neurons of the human cerebral cortex. Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience, 12, [508]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fncel.2018.00508

CBE

Bocchio M, Lukacs IP, Stacey R, Plaha P, Apostolopoulos V, Livermore L, Sen A, Ansorge O, Gillies MJ, Somogyi P, Capogna M. 2019. Group II metabotropic glutamate receptors mediate presynaptic inhibition of excitatory transmission in pyramidal neurons of the human cerebral cortex. Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience. 12:Article 508. https://doi.org/10.3389/fncel.2018.00508

MLA

Vancouver

Bocchio M, Lukacs IP, Stacey R, Plaha P, Apostolopoulos V, Livermore L o.a. Group II metabotropic glutamate receptors mediate presynaptic inhibition of excitatory transmission in pyramidal neurons of the human cerebral cortex. Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience. 2019 jan 4;12. 508. https://doi.org/10.3389/fncel.2018.00508

Author

Bocchio, Marco ; Lukacs, Istvan P. ; Stacey, Richard ; Plaha, Puneet ; Apostolopoulos, Vasileios ; Livermore, Laurent ; Sen, Arjune ; Ansorge, Olaf ; Gillies, Martin J. ; Somogyi, Peter ; Capogna, Marco. / Group II metabotropic glutamate receptors mediate presynaptic inhibition of excitatory transmission in pyramidal neurons of the human cerebral cortex. I: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience. 2019 ; Bind 12.

Bibtex

@article{ee3ddef0d8f54240922970337c1539b5,
title = "Group II metabotropic glutamate receptors mediate presynaptic inhibition of excitatory transmission in pyramidal neurons of the human cerebral cortex",
abstract = "Group II metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) ligands are potential novel drugs for neurological and psychiatric disorders, but little is known about the effects of these compounds at synapses of the human cerebral cortex. Investigating the effects of neuropsychiatric drugs in human brain tissue with preserved synaptic circuits might accelerate the development of more potent and selective pharmacological treatments. We have studied the effects of group II mGluR activation on excitatory synaptic transmission recorded from pyramidal neurons of cortical layers 2–3 in acute slices derived from surgically removed cortical tissue of people with epilepsy or tumors. The application of a selective group II mGluR agonist, LY354740 (0.1–1 µM) inhibited the amplitude and frequency of action potential-dependent spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs). This effect was prevented by the application of a group II/III mGluR antagonist, CPPG (0.1 mM). Furthermore, LY354740 inhibited the frequency, but not the amplitude, of action potential-independent miniature EPSCs (mEPSCs) recorded in pyramidal neurons. Finally, LY354740 did slightly reduce cells{\textquoteright} input resistance without altering the holding current of the neurons recorded in voltage clamp at −90 mV. Our results suggest that group II mGluRs are mainly auto-receptors that inhibit the release of glutamate onto pyramidal neurons in layers 2–3 in the human cerebral cortex, thereby regulating network excitability. We have demonstrated the effect of a group II mGluR ligand at human cortical synapses, revealing mechanisms by which these drugs could exert pro-cognitive effects and treat human neuropsychiatric disorders.",
keywords = "Cognitive enhancer, Epilepsy, EPSC, Glutamatergic, Human cortex, MGluR, Presynaptic receptor, Transmitter release",
author = "Marco Bocchio and Lukacs, {Istvan P.} and Richard Stacey and Puneet Plaha and Vasileios Apostolopoulos and Laurent Livermore and Arjune Sen and Olaf Ansorge and Gillies, {Martin J.} and Peter Somogyi and Marco Capogna",
year = "2019",
month = jan,
day = "4",
doi = "10.3389/fncel.2018.00508",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
journal = "Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience",
issn = "1662-5102",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Group II metabotropic glutamate receptors mediate presynaptic inhibition of excitatory transmission in pyramidal neurons of the human cerebral cortex

AU - Bocchio, Marco

AU - Lukacs, Istvan P.

AU - Stacey, Richard

AU - Plaha, Puneet

AU - Apostolopoulos, Vasileios

AU - Livermore, Laurent

AU - Sen, Arjune

AU - Ansorge, Olaf

AU - Gillies, Martin J.

AU - Somogyi, Peter

AU - Capogna, Marco

PY - 2019/1/4

Y1 - 2019/1/4

N2 - Group II metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) ligands are potential novel drugs for neurological and psychiatric disorders, but little is known about the effects of these compounds at synapses of the human cerebral cortex. Investigating the effects of neuropsychiatric drugs in human brain tissue with preserved synaptic circuits might accelerate the development of more potent and selective pharmacological treatments. We have studied the effects of group II mGluR activation on excitatory synaptic transmission recorded from pyramidal neurons of cortical layers 2–3 in acute slices derived from surgically removed cortical tissue of people with epilepsy or tumors. The application of a selective group II mGluR agonist, LY354740 (0.1–1 µM) inhibited the amplitude and frequency of action potential-dependent spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs). This effect was prevented by the application of a group II/III mGluR antagonist, CPPG (0.1 mM). Furthermore, LY354740 inhibited the frequency, but not the amplitude, of action potential-independent miniature EPSCs (mEPSCs) recorded in pyramidal neurons. Finally, LY354740 did slightly reduce cells’ input resistance without altering the holding current of the neurons recorded in voltage clamp at −90 mV. Our results suggest that group II mGluRs are mainly auto-receptors that inhibit the release of glutamate onto pyramidal neurons in layers 2–3 in the human cerebral cortex, thereby regulating network excitability. We have demonstrated the effect of a group II mGluR ligand at human cortical synapses, revealing mechanisms by which these drugs could exert pro-cognitive effects and treat human neuropsychiatric disorders.

AB - Group II metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) ligands are potential novel drugs for neurological and psychiatric disorders, but little is known about the effects of these compounds at synapses of the human cerebral cortex. Investigating the effects of neuropsychiatric drugs in human brain tissue with preserved synaptic circuits might accelerate the development of more potent and selective pharmacological treatments. We have studied the effects of group II mGluR activation on excitatory synaptic transmission recorded from pyramidal neurons of cortical layers 2–3 in acute slices derived from surgically removed cortical tissue of people with epilepsy or tumors. The application of a selective group II mGluR agonist, LY354740 (0.1–1 µM) inhibited the amplitude and frequency of action potential-dependent spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs). This effect was prevented by the application of a group II/III mGluR antagonist, CPPG (0.1 mM). Furthermore, LY354740 inhibited the frequency, but not the amplitude, of action potential-independent miniature EPSCs (mEPSCs) recorded in pyramidal neurons. Finally, LY354740 did slightly reduce cells’ input resistance without altering the holding current of the neurons recorded in voltage clamp at −90 mV. Our results suggest that group II mGluRs are mainly auto-receptors that inhibit the release of glutamate onto pyramidal neurons in layers 2–3 in the human cerebral cortex, thereby regulating network excitability. We have demonstrated the effect of a group II mGluR ligand at human cortical synapses, revealing mechanisms by which these drugs could exert pro-cognitive effects and treat human neuropsychiatric disorders.

KW - Cognitive enhancer

KW - Epilepsy

KW - EPSC

KW - Glutamatergic

KW - Human cortex

KW - MGluR

KW - Presynaptic receptor

KW - Transmitter release

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85061176954&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fncel.2018.00508

DO - 10.3389/fncel.2018.00508

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30670948

AN - SCOPUS:85061176954

VL - 12

JO - Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience

JF - Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience

SN - 1662-5102

M1 - 508

ER -