Global trait–environment relationships of plant communities

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  • Helge Bruelheide, University Halle-Wittenberg, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)
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  • Jürgen Dengler, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Zurich University of Applied Sciences, University of Bayreuth
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  • Oliver Purschke, University Halle-Wittenberg, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)
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  • Jonathan Lenoir, UR ‘Ecologie et Dynamique des Systèmes Anthropisés’ (EDYSAN, Universite de Picardie Jules Verne
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  • Borja Jiménez-Alfaro, University Halle-Wittenberg, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Universidad de Oviedo
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  • Stephan M. Hennekens, Wageningen University and Research Centre
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  • Zoltán Botta-Dukát, MTA Centre for Ecological Research
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  • Milan Chytrý, Masaryk University
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  • Richard Field, University of Nottingham
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  • Florian Jansen, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences
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  • Jens Kattge, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry
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  • Valério D. Pillar, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
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  • Franziska Schrodt, University of Nottingham, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry
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  • Miguel D. Mahecha, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry
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  • Robert K. Peet, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Genetics, Chapel Hill, United States
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  • Brody Sandel
  • Peter van Bodegom, Leiden University
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  • Jan Altman, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
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  • Esteban Alvarez-Dávila, Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia
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  • Mohammed A.S. Arfin Khan, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, University of Bayreuth
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  • Fabio Attorre, Sapienza University of Rome
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  • Isabelle Aubin, Great Lakes Forestry Centre
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  • Christopher Baraloto, Florida International University
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  • Jorcely G. Barroso, Universidade Federal do Acre
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  • Marijn Bauters, Universiteit Gent
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  • Erwin Bergmeier, University of Göttingen
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  • Idoia Biurrun, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU
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  • Anne D. Bjorkman
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  • Benjamin Blonder, Oxford University, Oxford, UK., Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory
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  • Andraž Čarni, Ivan Rakovec Institute of Palaeontology ZRC SAZU, University of Nova Gorica
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  • Luis Cayuela, Dept. de Ciencias de la Salud II, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, Madrid
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  • Tomáš Černý, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Department of Ecology
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  • J. Hans C. Cornelissen, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam
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  • Dylan Craven, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung GmbH
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  • Matteo Dainese, Julius-Maximilians-Universitat Wurzburg
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  • Géraldine Derroire, CIRAD
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  • Michele De Sanctis, Sapienza University of Rome
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  • Sandra Díaz, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba
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  • Jiří Doležal, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
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  • William Farfan-Rios, Wake Forest University, Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco
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  • Ted R. Feldpausch, Exeter University
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  • Nicole J. Fenton, Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue
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  • Eric Garnier, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes
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  • Greg R. Guerin, University of Adelaide
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  • Alvaro G. Gutiérrez, Universidad Austral de Chile
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  • Sylvia Haider, University Halle-Wittenberg, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)
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  • Tarek Hattab, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD)
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  • Greg Henry, The University of British Columbia
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  • Bruno Hérault, Institut National Polytechnique Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes
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  • Pedro Higuchi, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina
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  • Norbert Hölzel, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
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  • Jürgen Homeier, University of Göttingen
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  • Anke Jentsch, University of Bayreuth
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  • Norbert Jürgens, Universitat Hamburg
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  • Zygmunt Kącki, Instytut Astronomiczny, Uniwersytet Wroclawski, Kopernika 11, 51-622, Wroclaw, Poland
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  • Dirk N. Karger, Physik-Institut, Universitat Zürich-Irchel, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL
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  • Michael Kessler, Physik-Institut, Universitat Zürich-Irchel
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  • Michael Kleyer, Universitat Oldenburg
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  • Ilona Knollová, Masaryk University
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  • Andrey Y. Korolyuk, Central Siberian Botanical Garden, SB RAS
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  • Ingolf Kühn, University Halle-Wittenberg, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung GmbH
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  • Daniel C. Laughlin, University of Waikato, University of Wyoming
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  • Frederic Lens, Leiden University
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  • Jacqueline Loos, University of Göttingen
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  • Frédérique Louault, Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA)
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  • Mariyana I. Lyubenova, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia
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  • Yadvinder Malhi, Oxford University, Oxford, UK.
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  • Corrado Marcenò, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU
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  • Maurizio Mencuccini, Theoretical and Computational Neuroscience Group, Center of Brain and Cognition, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, 08018 Barcelona, Spain; Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), 08010 Barcelona, Spain., Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona
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  • Jonas V. Müller, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
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  • Jérôme Munzinger, Department of Integrated Structural Biology, IGBMC (Institute of Genetics and of Molecular and Cellular Biology), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) UMR 7104/Institut National de la Santé de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U964/Université de Strasbourg
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  • Isla H. Myers-Smith, Edinburgh University
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  • David A. Neill, Universidad Estatal Amazónica
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  • Ülo Niinemets, Estonian University of Life Science
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  • Kate H. Orwin, Manaaki Whenua - Landcare Research
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  • Wim A. Ozinga, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Radboud University Nijmegen
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  • Josep Penuelas, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, Estonian University of Life Science, CSIC
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  • Aaron Pérez-Haase, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Center for Advanced Studies of Blanes
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  • Petr Petřík, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
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  • Oliver L. Phillips, Leeds University
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  • Meelis Pärtel, University Tartu
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  • Peter B. Reich, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Western Sydney University
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  • Christine Römermann, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Friedrich Schiller University
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  • Arthur V. Rodrigues, Universidade Regional de Blumenau
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  • Francesco Maria Sabatini, University Halle-Wittenberg, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)
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  • Jordi Sardans, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, CSIC
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  • Marco Schmidt, Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F)
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  • Gunnar Seidler, University Halle-Wittenberg
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  • Javier Eduardo Silva Espejo, Department of Biology University of La Serena
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  • Marcos Silveira, Universidade Federal do Acre
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  • Anita Smyth, University of Adelaide
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  • Maria Sporbert, University Halle-Wittenberg, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)
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  • Jens Christian Svenning
  • Zhiyao Tang, Peking University
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  • Raquel Thomas, Iwokrama International Centre for Rainforest Conservation and Development
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  • Ioannis Tsiripidis, Aristotle University
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  • Kiril Vassilev, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
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  • Cyrille Violle, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes
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  • Risto Virtanen, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung GmbH, Oulun Yliopisto
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  • Evan Weiher, University of Wisconsin Eau Claire
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  • Erik Welk, University Halle-Wittenberg, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)
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  • Karsten Wesche, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Senckenberg Museum of Natural History Görlitz, Technische Universitat Dresden
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  • Marten Winter, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)
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  • Christian Wirth, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Universitat Leipzig
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  • Ute Jandt, University Halle-Wittenberg, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)

Plant functional traits directly affect ecosystem functions. At the species level, trait combinations depend on trade-offs representing different ecological strategies, but at the community level trait combinations are expected to be decoupled from these trade-offs because different strategies can facilitate co-existence within communities. A key question is to what extent community-level trait composition is globally filtered and how well it is related to global versus local environmental drivers. Here, we perform a global, plot-level analysis of trait–environment relationships, using a database with more than 1.1 million vegetation plots and 26,632 plant species with trait information. Although we found a strong filtering of 17 functional traits, similar climate and soil conditions support communities differing greatly in mean trait values. The two main community trait axes that capture half of the global trait variation (plant stature and resource acquisitiveness) reflect the trade-offs at the species level but are weakly associated with climate and soil conditions at the global scale. Similarly, within-plot trait variation does not vary systematically with macro-environment. Our results indicate that, at fine spatial grain, macro-environmental drivers are much less important for functional trait composition than has been assumed from floristic analyses restricted to co-occurrence in large grid cells. Instead, trait combinations seem to be predominantly filtered by local-scale factors such as disturbance, fine-scale soil conditions, niche partitioning and biotic interactions.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNature Ecology & Evolution
Vol/bind2
Nummer12
Sider (fra-til)1906-1917
Antal sider12
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 dec. 2018

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