GFR measurements and ultrasound findings in 154 children with a congenital solitary functioning kidney

Cecilie Siggaard Jørgensen*, Ronja Carstensen, Hanifa Awneh, Anne Mette Schmidt Frattari, Luise Borch, Lise Bols Toustrup, Søren Hagstrøm, Konstantinos Kamperis, Søren Rittig, Stephanie Dufek-Kamperis*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Background: Multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) and unilateral renal agenesis (URA) are the most common reasons for a congenital solitary functioning kidney (SFK). We aimed to assess the presence of abnormalities in the congenital SFK and evaluate kidney function using chrome EDTA (CrEDTA) measurements. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 154 children with MCDK and URA in the period from 2005 to 2022 to analyze results from ultrasound scans and CrEDTA glomerular filtration rate (GFR) examinations. Results: Of 154 children with a solitary kidney due to MCDK (62%) or URA (38%), abnormalities on the congenital SFK were found in 13 children (8%). The abnormalities spontaneously resolved in 6 children (46%). The most common abnormality was hydronephrosis. Compensatory hypertrophy was found in 17% of the children within the first 6 months of life. 116 children (90%) had a standard GFR (sdGFR) above 75% of expected for the age. Out of those with a sdGFR below 75% of expected, 3 (23%) had abnormalities in the congenital SFK. There was no difference in sdGFR between children with MCDK and URA. Conclusions: Our study is the first using CrEDTA for GFR measurements and suggests that most children with a congenital SFK due to MCDK or URA have a kidney function within expected for the age. Compensatory hypertrophy of the SFK is found in a minority of children within the first six months of life, suggesting that this process is developing over time. The prevalence of abnormalities in the SFK seems low, however those with abnormalities (e.g. hydronephrosis) are at higher risk of reduced sdGFR.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Pediatric Urology
Vol/bind19
Nummer5
Sider (fra-til)624.e1-624.e7
Antal sider7
ISSN1477-5131
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2023

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