Genome‐scale target capture of mitochondrial and nuclear environmental DNA from water samples

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Genome‐scale target capture of mitochondrial and nuclear environmental DNA from water samples. / Jensen, Mads Kristian Reinholdt; Sigsgaard, Eva Egelyng; Liu, Shenglin; Manica, Andrea; Sanvig Bach, Steffen; Hansen, Michael Møller; Møller, Peter Rask; Thomsen, Philip Francis.

I: Molecular Ecology Resources, Bind 21, Nr. 3, 04.2021, s. 690-702.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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@article{24893394241e475795884ea266f7255a,
title = "Genome‐scale target capture of mitochondrial and nuclear environmental DNA from water samples",
abstract = "Environmental DNA (eDNA) provides a promising supplement to traditional sampling methods for population genetic inferences, but current studies have almost entirely focused on short mitochondrial markers. Here, we develop one mitochondrial and one nuclear set of target capture probes for the whale shark (Rhincodon typus) and test them on seawater samples collected in Qatar to investigate the potential of target capture for eDNA-based population studies. The mitochondrial target capture successfully retrieved ~235× (90× − 352× per base position) coverage of the whale shark mitogenome. Using a minor allele frequency of 5%, we find 29 variable sites throughout the mitogenome, indicative of at least five contributing individuals. We also retrieved numerous mitochondrial reads from an abundant nontarget species, mackerel tuna (Euthynnus affinis), showing a clear relationship between sequence similarity to the capture probes and the number of captured reads. The nuclear target capture probes retrieved only a few reads and polymorphic variants from the whale shark, but we successfully obtained millions of reads and thousands of polymorphic variants with different allele frequencies from E. affinis. We demonstrate that target capture of complete mitochondrial genomes and thousands of nuclear loci is possible from aquatic eDNA samples. Our results highlight that careful probe design, taking into account the range of divergence between target and nontarget sequences as well as presence of nontarget species at the sampling site, is crucial to consider. eDNA sampling coupled with target capture approaches provide an efficient means with which to retrieve population genomic data from aggregating and spawning aquatic species.",
keywords = "cross-capture, environmental DNA, mitogenome, nuclear DNA, population genomics, target capture",
author = "Jensen, {Mads Kristian Reinholdt} and Sigsgaard, {Eva Egelyng} and Shenglin Liu and Andrea Manica and {Sanvig Bach}, Steffen and Hansen, {Michael M{\o}ller} and M{\o}ller, {Peter Rask} and Thomsen, {Philip Francis}",
year = "2021",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1111/1755-0998.13293",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "690--702",
journal = "Molecular Ecology Resources",
issn = "1755-098X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Genome‐scale target capture of mitochondrial and nuclear environmental DNA from water samples

AU - Jensen, Mads Kristian Reinholdt

AU - Sigsgaard, Eva Egelyng

AU - Liu, Shenglin

AU - Manica, Andrea

AU - Sanvig Bach, Steffen

AU - Hansen, Michael Møller

AU - Møller, Peter Rask

AU - Thomsen, Philip Francis

PY - 2021/4

Y1 - 2021/4

N2 - Environmental DNA (eDNA) provides a promising supplement to traditional sampling methods for population genetic inferences, but current studies have almost entirely focused on short mitochondrial markers. Here, we develop one mitochondrial and one nuclear set of target capture probes for the whale shark (Rhincodon typus) and test them on seawater samples collected in Qatar to investigate the potential of target capture for eDNA-based population studies. The mitochondrial target capture successfully retrieved ~235× (90× − 352× per base position) coverage of the whale shark mitogenome. Using a minor allele frequency of 5%, we find 29 variable sites throughout the mitogenome, indicative of at least five contributing individuals. We also retrieved numerous mitochondrial reads from an abundant nontarget species, mackerel tuna (Euthynnus affinis), showing a clear relationship between sequence similarity to the capture probes and the number of captured reads. The nuclear target capture probes retrieved only a few reads and polymorphic variants from the whale shark, but we successfully obtained millions of reads and thousands of polymorphic variants with different allele frequencies from E. affinis. We demonstrate that target capture of complete mitochondrial genomes and thousands of nuclear loci is possible from aquatic eDNA samples. Our results highlight that careful probe design, taking into account the range of divergence between target and nontarget sequences as well as presence of nontarget species at the sampling site, is crucial to consider. eDNA sampling coupled with target capture approaches provide an efficient means with which to retrieve population genomic data from aggregating and spawning aquatic species.

AB - Environmental DNA (eDNA) provides a promising supplement to traditional sampling methods for population genetic inferences, but current studies have almost entirely focused on short mitochondrial markers. Here, we develop one mitochondrial and one nuclear set of target capture probes for the whale shark (Rhincodon typus) and test them on seawater samples collected in Qatar to investigate the potential of target capture for eDNA-based population studies. The mitochondrial target capture successfully retrieved ~235× (90× − 352× per base position) coverage of the whale shark mitogenome. Using a minor allele frequency of 5%, we find 29 variable sites throughout the mitogenome, indicative of at least five contributing individuals. We also retrieved numerous mitochondrial reads from an abundant nontarget species, mackerel tuna (Euthynnus affinis), showing a clear relationship between sequence similarity to the capture probes and the number of captured reads. The nuclear target capture probes retrieved only a few reads and polymorphic variants from the whale shark, but we successfully obtained millions of reads and thousands of polymorphic variants with different allele frequencies from E. affinis. We demonstrate that target capture of complete mitochondrial genomes and thousands of nuclear loci is possible from aquatic eDNA samples. Our results highlight that careful probe design, taking into account the range of divergence between target and nontarget sequences as well as presence of nontarget species at the sampling site, is crucial to consider. eDNA sampling coupled with target capture approaches provide an efficient means with which to retrieve population genomic data from aggregating and spawning aquatic species.

KW - cross-capture

KW - environmental DNA

KW - mitogenome

KW - nuclear DNA

KW - population genomics

KW - target capture

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85096826312&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/1755-0998.13293

DO - 10.1111/1755-0998.13293

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33179423

VL - 21

SP - 690

EP - 702

JO - Molecular Ecology Resources

JF - Molecular Ecology Resources

SN - 1755-098X

IS - 3

ER -