Genome wide association studies for body conformation traits in the Chinese Holstein cattle population

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  • Xiaoping Wu, Kina
  • Ming Fang, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Kina
  • Lin Liu, Beijing Dairy Cattle Center, Kina
  • Sheng Wang, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Kina
  • Jianfeng Liu, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Kina
  • Xiangdong Ding, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Kina
  • Shengli Zhang, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Kina
  • Qin Zhang, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Kina
  • Yuan Zhang, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Kina
  • Lv Qiao, Beijing Dairy Cattle Center, Kina
  • Mogens Sandø Lund
  • Guosheng Su
  • Dongxiao Sun, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Kina
Background: Genome-wide association study (GWAS) is a powerful tool for revealing the genetic basis of quantitative traits. However, studies using GWAS for conformation traits of cattle is comparatively less. This study aims to use GWAS to find the candidates genes for body conformation traits.Results: The Illumina BovineSNP50 BeadChip was used to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are associated with body conformation traits. A least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) was applied to detect multiple SNPs simultaneously for 29 body conformation traits with 1,314 Chinese Holstein cattle and 52,166 SNPs. Totally, 59 genome-wide significant SNPs associated with 26 conformation traits were detected by genome-wide association analysis; five SNPs were within previously reported QTL regions (Animal Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) database) and 11 were very close to the reported SNPs. Twenty-two SNPs were located within annotated gene regions, while the remainder were 0.6-826 kb away from known genes. Some of the genes had clear biological functions related to conformation traits. By combining information about the previously reported QTL regions and the biological functions of the genes, we identified DARC, GAS1, MTPN, HTR2A, ZNF521, PDIA6, and TMEM130 as the most promising candidate genes for capacity and body depth, chest width, foot angle, angularity, rear leg side view, teat length, and animal size traits, respectively. We also found four SNPs that affected four pairs of traits, and the genetic correlation between each pair of traits ranged from 0.35 to 0.86, suggesting that these SNPs may have a pleiotropic effect on each pair of traits.Conclusions: A total of 59 significant SNPs associated with 26 conformation traits were identified in the Chinese Holstein population. Six promising candidate genes were suggested, and four SNPs showed genetic correlation for four pairs of traits.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftB M C Genomics
Vol/bind14
Nummer897
Sider (fra-til)1-10
Antal sider10
ISSN1471-2164
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 17 dec. 2013

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