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Genetic architecture of inter-specific and -generic grass hybrids by network analysis on multi-omics data

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Background: Understanding the mechanisms underlining forage production and its biomass nutritive quality at the omics level is crucial for boosting the output of high-quality dry matter per unit of land. Despite the advent of multiple omics integration for the study of biological systems in major crops, investigations on forage species are still scarce.

Results: Our results identified substantial changes in gene co-expression and metabolite-metabolite network topologies as a result of genetic perturbation by hybridizing L. perenne with another species within the genus (L. multiflorum) relative to across genera (F. pratensis). However, conserved hub genes and hub metabolomic features were detected between pedigree classes, some of which were highly heritable and displayed one or more significant edges with agronomic traits in a weighted omics-phenotype network. In spite of tagging relevant biological molecules as, for example, the light-induced rice 1 (LIR1), hub features were not necessarily better explanatory variables for omics-assisted prediction than features stochastically sampled and all available regressors.

Conclusions: The utilization of computational techniques for the reconstruction of co-expression networks facilitates the identification of key omic features that serve as central nodes and demonstrate correlation with the manifestation of observed traits. Our results also indicate a robust association between early multi-omic traits measured in a greenhouse setting and phenotypic traits evaluated under field conditions.
TidsskriftBMC Genomics
Antal sider19
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2023

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