Gene-associated markers provide tools for tackling illegal fishing and false eco-certification

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Einar E Nielsen
  • ,
  • Alessia Cariani
  • ,
  • Eoin Mac Aoidh
  • ,
  • Gregory E Maes
  • ,
  • Ilaria Milano
  • ,
  • Rob Ogden
  • ,
  • Martin Taylor
  • ,
  • Jakob Hemmer-Hansen, Danmark
  • Massimiliano Babbucci
  • ,
  • Luca Bargelloni
  • ,
  • Dorte Bekkevold, Section for Population Ecology and Genetics, Danmark
  • Eveline Diopere
  • ,
  • Leonie Grenfell
  • ,
  • Sarah Helyar
  • ,
  • Morten Limborg, Section for Population Ecology and Genetics, Danmark
  • Jann T Martinsohn
  • ,
  • Ross McEwing
  • ,
  • Frank Panitz
  • Tomaso Patarnello
  • ,
  • Fausto Tinti
  • ,
  • Jeroen K J Van Houdt
  • ,
  • Filip A M Volckaert
  • ,
  • Robin S Waples
  • ,
  • Jan E J Albin
  • ,
  • Juan M Vieites Baptista
  • ,
  • Vladimir Barmintsev
  • ,
  • José M Bautista
  • ,
  • Christian Bendixen
  • Jean-Pascal Bergé
  • ,
  • Dietmar Blohm
  • ,
  • Barbara Cardazzo
  • ,
  • Amalia Diez
  • ,
  • Montserrat Espiñeira
  • ,
  • Audrey J. Geffen, Section for Population Ecology and Genetics, Danmark
  • Elena Gonzalez
  • ,
  • Nerea González-Lavín
  • ,
  • Ilaria Guarniero
  • ,
  • Marc Jeráme
  • ,
  • Marc Kochzius
  • ,
  • Grigorius Krey
  • ,
  • Olivier Mouchel
  • ,
  • Enrico Negrisolo
  • ,
  • Corrado Piccinetti
  • ,
  • Antonio Puyet
  • ,
  • Sergey Rastorguev
  • ,
  • Jane P Smith
  • ,
  • Massimo Trentini
  • ,
  • Véronique Verrez-Bagnis
  • ,
  • Alexander Volkov
  • ,
  • Antonella Zanzi
  • ,
  • FishPopTrace consortium
Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated fishing has had a major role in the overexploitation of global fish populations. In response, international regulations have been imposed and many fisheries have been 'eco-certified' by consumer organizations, but methods for independent control of catch certificates and eco-labels are urgently needed. Here we show that, by using gene-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms, individual marine fish can be assigned back to population of origin with unprecedented high levels of precision. By applying high differentiation single nucleotide polymorphism assays, in four commercial marine fish, on a pan-European scale, we find 93-100% of individuals could be correctly assigned to origin in policy-driven case studies. We show how case-targeted single nucleotide polymorphism assays can be created and forensically validated, using a centrally maintained and publicly available database. Our results demonstrate how application of gene-associated markers will likely revolutionize origin assignment and become highly valuable tools for fighting illegal fishing and mislabelling worldwide.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNature Communications
Vol/bind3
NummerArticle no 851
Sider (fra-til)1-6
Antal sider6
ISSN2041-1723
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2012

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