Gaussian representation for image recognition and reinforcement learning of atomistic structure

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The success of applying machine learning to speed up structure search and improve property prediction in computational chemical physics depends critically on the representation chosen for the atomistic structure. In this work, we investigate how different image representations of two planar atomistic structures (ideal graphene and graphene with a grain boundary region) influence the ability of a reinforcement learning algorithm [the Atomistic Structure Learning Algorithm (ASLA)] to identify the structures from no prior knowledge while interacting with an electronic structure program. Compared to a one-hot encoding, we find a radial Gaussian broadening of the atomic position to be beneficial for the reinforcement learning process, which may even identify the Gaussians with the most favorable broadening hyperparameters during the structural search. Providing further image representations with angular information inspired by the smooth overlap of atomic positions method, however, is not found to cause further speedup of ASLA.

TidsskriftThe Journal of Chemical Physics
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2020

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