Fuzzy-Observer-Based Predictive Stabilization of DC Microgrids With Power Buffers Through an Imperfect 5G Network

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  • Navid Vafamand, Shiraz University
  • ,
  • Mohammad Hassan Asemani, Shiraz University, Iran
  • Tomislav Dragicevic, Aalborg Universitet
  • ,
  • Frede Blaabjerg, Aalborg Universitet, Danmark
  • Mohammad Hassan Khooban
This article investigates the fuzzy model predictive control synthesis of a power buffer for dynamic stabilization of a dc microgrid (MG), which is controlled through a low-latency communication network, such as the one envisioned in fifth-generation (5G). The proposed approach employs a Takagi–Sugeno fuzzy model, a fuzzy observer, and a model predictive scheme to alleviate the effects of the 5G-network-induced delays and data loss of the sensor-to-controller and controller-to-actuator links on the dc MG plant response. By employing the so-called time-stamp technique and network delay compensator (NDC), the delays are computed, and the data loss effects are compensated, thus improving the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed controller. In addition, a time-delay-independent observer is proposed to estimate the states of the constant power loads (CPLs) and the power buffer, based on the measured information. Due to the usage of two NDCs, the presented approach is robust against the network delays and results in a small computational burden. To show the merits of the proposed approach, it is applied to a dc MG that feeds two CPLs. Results show the simplicity of designing the observer-based controller and better robustness against the network delays, compared with the state-of-the-art methods. Additionally, software-in-the-loop simulations are presented to prove the practical applicability of the proposed controller.
TidsskriftIEEE Systems Journal
Sider (fra-til)4025-4035
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - 2020

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