Functional and structural markers of peripheral microvascular autonomic neuropathy

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Introduction/Aims: Autonomic dysfunction is a common complication of small-fiber neuropathy (SFN). In this study we aimed to assess the applicability of autonomic microvascular indices as a potential marker for SFN assessment. Methods: Fifteen patients with confirmed SFN (idiopathic neuropathy [n = 10], chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy [n = 2], impaired glucose tolerance [n = 1], hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis (hATTR) [n = 1], pulmonary sarcoidosis [n = 1]) and 15 matched control subjects underwent assessment of vascular skin responses assessed through laser Doppler flowmetry and evaluation of microvascular vessel and nerve density in skin biopsies. All participants underwent peripheral autonomic evaluation by quantitative sudomotor axon reflex testing (QSART). Results: We found no significant differences in vascular skin responses, or in any microvascular skin biopsy markers, when comparing SFN with control subjects. We found no correlation between vascular skin responses and skin biopsy indices. We saw no significant difference in any microvascular indices when comparing subjects with and without impaired sudomotor function. Discussion: Our findings suggest markers of peripheral microvascular innervation and function are not associated with the diagnosis of SFN. Furthermore, we saw no association between microvascular markers and sudomotor function, suggesting that these are independent and unrelated components of the autonomic nervous system.

TidsskriftMuscle & Nerve
Sider (fra-til)146-153
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2023

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