Functional and 123I-MIBG scintigraphy assessment of cardiac adrenergic dysfunction in diabetes

Thorsten K Rasmussen*, Per Borghammer, Nanna B Finnerup, Troels S Jensen, John Hansen, Karoline Knudsen, Wolfgang Singer, Guillaume Lamotte, Astrid J Terkelsen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


Objectives: To assess the agreement between clinical cardiovascular adrenergic function and cardiac adrenergic innervation in type 2 diabetes patients (T2D). Methods: Thirty-three patients with T2D were investigated bimodally through (1) a standardized clinical cardiovascular adrenergic assessment, evaluating adequacy of blood pressure responses to the Valsalva maneuver and (2) 123I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy assessing myocardial adrenergic innervation measured as early and delayed heart heart/mediastinum (H/M) ratio, and washout rate (WR). Results: T2D patients had significantly lower early and delayed H/M-ratios, and lower WR, compared to laboratory specific reference values. Thirteen patients had an abnormal adrenergic composite autonomic severity score (CASS > 0). Patients with abnormal CASS scores had significantly higher early H/M ratios (1.76 [1.66–1.88] vs. 1.57 [1.49–1.63], p < 0.001), higher delayed H/M ratios (1.64 [1.51:1.73] vs. 1.51 [1.40:1.61] (p = 0.02)), and lower WR (−0.13(0.10) vs −0.05(0.07), p = 0.01). Lower Total Recovery and shorter Pressure Recovery Time responses from the Valsalva maneuver was significantly correlated to lower H/M early (r = 0.55, p = 0.001 and r = 0.5, p = 0.003, respectively) and lower WR for Total Recovery (r = −0.44, p = 0.01). Conclusion: The present study found impairment of sympathetic innervation in T2D patients based on parameters derived from MIBG cardiac scintigraphy (low early H/M, delayed H/M, and WR). These results confirm prior studies. We found a mechanistically inverted relationship with favourable adrenergic cardiovascular responses being significantly associated unfavourable MIBG indices for H/M early and delayed. This paradoxical relationship needs to be further explored but could indicate adrenergic hypersensitivity in cardiac sympathetic denervated T2D patients.

TidsskriftAutonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2024


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