Flow investigation of two-stand ultrasonic flow meters in a wide dynamic range by numerical and experimental methods.

Mario Javier Rincón, Anders Caspersen, Nicolai Thorenfeldt Ingwersen, Martino Reclari, Mahdi Abkar*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

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The enhancement of two-stand ultrasonic flow meters relies upon obtaining a precise understanding and prediction of their complex flow physics throughout their entire dynamic range of operation. This study provides a comprehensive numerical and experimental investigation of the flow physics of a typical two-stand ultrasonic flow meter by industry standards. Predictions based on computational fluid dynamics simulations are employed to obtain numerical results, which are validated through experiments based on laser Doppler velocimetry and static pressure drop. Results indicate that no qualitative changes occur beyond an inflow Reynolds number of 10 4 in terms of coherent structures and flow dynamics. Analysis of the static pressure distribution across cross-sections reveals that the stands are the most influential areas contributing to pressure drop. In cases with turbulent inflow, there is a noticeable recovery of static pressure following significant pressure gradients across the stands, while such recovery is absent in scenarios with laminar inflow. Both numerical and experimental approaches yield excellent agreement in outcomes, accurately estimating the axial velocity within the flow meter's measurement volume and the pressure drop across it, with deviations within experimental uncertainty ranges of 2 standard deviations. The developed numerical methodology demonstrates its potential to accurately evaluate complex internal-flow systems with similar flow features and Reynolds number ranges. The flow dynamics for a wide dynamic range of operation in two-stand ultrasonic flow meters are shown in detail in both laminar and turbulent flow regimes, displaying rolling vortices, detached flow, and recirculation zones.

TidsskriftFlow Measurement and Instrumentation
Antal sider12
StatusUdgivet - 20 jan. 2024