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Filtration of simulated Martian atmosphere for in-situ oxygen production

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  • J. B. McClean, Imperial College London
  • ,
  • J. P. Merrison
  • J. J. Iversen
  • M. Azimian, Math2Market GmbH
  • ,
  • A. Wiegmann, Math2Market GmbH
  • ,
  • W. T. Pike, Imperial College London
  • ,
  • M. H. Hecht, MIT Haystack Observatory
  • ,
  • & the MOXIE science team

In-Situ Resource Utilisation (ISRU) can reduce the mass and cost of planetary missions. The Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment (MOXIE) on the Mars 2020 rover Perseverance will demonstrate ISRU on Mars for the first time by producing oxygen from atmospheric carbon dioxide via solid oxide electrolysis. To protect the solid oxide electrolysis subsystem from contamination by dust, a High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filter is used. However, the performance of HEPA filters in Martian atmospheric conditions is not well understood. The theory of filtration was reviewed in the context of filtration of Mars’ atmosphere, and an experimental investigation was carried out to determine the dust loading rate and pressure drop as a function of dust loading and filtration velocity for a flight-representative pleated and baffled MOXIE HEPA filter using wind tunnels and Martian dust simulant. In simulated atmospheric conditions of 10.3 ​mbar carbon dioxide at room temperature with a horizontal wind speed of 3 ​m ​s−1 and filter inlet face velocity of 7.1 ​cm ​s−1, the dust loading rate was (0.19 ± 0.02) mg ​m−2 h−1. This is likely a lower bound: analytical approaches estimate dust loading rates of up to approximately 20 ​mg ​m−2 h−1. The pressure drop ΔP (mbar) as a function of dust loading m (g ​m−2) and filtration velocity UF (cm ​s−1) was ΔP=am+bUF, where a = 0.0012(1)mbar (g m-2)-1 (cm s-1)-1 and b = 0.063(1) mbar (cm s-1)-1. Due to operation outside the continuum flow regime, pressure drop increased with atmospheric pressure, unlike HEPA filters on Earth where pressure drop is independent of atmospheric pressure. Dust is unlikely to produce a problematic pressure drop for MOXIE, but needs to be considered for large-scale filtration if the benefits of atmospheric ISRU on Mars are to be fully realised.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer104975
TidsskriftPlanetary and Space Science
Vol/bind191
Antal sider11
ISSN0032-0633
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2020

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