Fatigue Stress Estimation of an Offshore Jacket Structure Based on Operational Modal Analysis

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  • Bruna Nabuco, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet
  • ,
  • Marius Tarpø
  • Ulf T. Tygesen, Ramboll Group AS
  • ,
  • Rune Brincker, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet

Fatigue life assessment currently recommended by offshore standards is associated with a large number of uncertainties mainly related to the environmental loads and the numerical model. Recently, for economic reasons, the need for extending the lifetime of existing offshore structures led to the necessity of developing more accurate and realistic predicting models so that damage detection and maintenance can be optimized. This paper proposes the implementation of Structural Health Monitoring Systems in order to extract modal properties - such as mode shapes, natural frequencies, and damping ratios - throughout Operational Modal Analysis (OMA), which is the engineering field that studies the modal properties of systems under ambient vibrations or normal operating conditions. The identified modal properties of the structural system are the fundamental information to update a finite element model by means of an expansion technique. Then, the virtual sensing technique - modal expansion - is used to estimate the stress in the entire structure. Though existing models depend on the load estimation, the model based on OMA-assisted virtual sensing depends on the measured responses and assumes that the loads act as random vibrations. A case study using data from a real offshore structure is presented based on measurements recorded during normal operation conditions of an offshore tripod jacket. From strains estimated using OMA and virtual sensing, fatigue stresses are predicted and verified by applying the concept of equivalent stress range. Both estimated and measured strains are given as input data to evaluate the equivalent stress range and compared with each other. Based on this study, structural health monitoring estimates the fatigue stresses with high precision. As conclusion, this study describes how the fatigue can be assessed based on a more accurate value of stress and less uncertainties, which may allow extending the fatigue life of offshore platforms.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer7890247
TidsskriftShock and Vibration
Vol/bind2020
ISSN1070-9622
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2020

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