Facile fabrication of Mn2+- doped ZnO photocatalysts by electrospinning

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  • Yuting Wang
  • Xin Hao, North Laser Research Institute Co. Ltd.
  • ,
  • Zegao Wang, Sichuan University
  • ,
  • Mingdong Dong
  • Lifeng Cui, Dongguan University of Technology

In this study, a high-efficiency photocatalyst was synthesized by Mn2+-doped ZnO nanofibres (NFs) fabricated by facile electrospinning and a following annealing process, in which Mn2+ successes incorporate to ZnO NFs lattice without changing any morphology and crystalline structure of ZnO. The photodegradation properties of ZnO loading with different concentrations of Mn2+ (5, 10, 15 and 50 at%) were investigated. The 50% MnO-ZnO composite owns excellent active photocatalytic performance (quantum efficiency up to 7.57%) compared to pure ZnO (0.16%) under visible light and can be considered as an efficient visible light photocatalyst material. We systematically analysed its catalytic mechanism and found that the enhancement belongs to the Mn doping effect and the phase junction between MnO and ZnO. The dominant mechanism of Mn doping leads to the presence of impurity levels in the band gap of ZnO, narrowing the optical band gap of ZnO. In addition, doped Mn2+ ions can be used as electron traps that inhibit the recombination process and promote electron-hole pair separation. In summary, this paper provides a convenient method for fabricating highly efficient visible light photocatalysts using controlled annealing.

TidsskriftRoyal Society Open Science
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2020

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