Extrastriatal dopamine D-2/3 receptors and cortical grey matter volumes in antipsychotic-naive schizophrenia patients before and after initial antipsychotic treatment

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Henrik Nørbak-Emig, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Lars H. Pinborg, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Jayachandra M. Raghava, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Claus Svarer, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • William F. C. Baare, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Peter Allerup
  • Lars Friberg, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Egill Rostrup, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Birte Glenthøj, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Bjørn H. Ebdrup, Københavns Universitet

Objectives: Long-term dopamine D-2/3 receptor blockade, common to all antipsychotics, may underlie progressive brain volume changes observed in patients with chronic schizophrenia. In the present study, we examined associations between cortical volume changes and extrastriatal dopamine D-2/3 receptor binding potentials (BPND) in first-episode schizophrenia patents at baseline and after antipsychotic treatment.Methods: Twenty-two initially antipsychotic-naive patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), [I-123]epidepride single-photon emission computerised tomography (SPECT), and psychopathology assessments before and after 3 months of treatment with either risperidone (N=13) or zuclopenthixol (N=9). Twenty healthy controls matched on age, gender and parental socioeconomic status underwent baseline MRI and SPECT.Results: Neither extrastriatal D-2/3 receptor BPND at baseline, nor blockade at follow-up, was related to regional cortical volume changes. In post-hoc analyses excluding three patients with cannabis use we found that higher D-2/3 receptor occupancy was significantly associated with an increase in right frontal grey matter volume.Conclusions: The present data do not support an association between extrastriatal D-2/3 receptor blockade and extrastriatal grey matter loss in the early phases of schizophrenia. Although inconclusive, our exclusion of patients tested positive for cannabis use speaks to keeping attention to potential confounding factors in imaging studies.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftWorld Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Vol/bind18
Nummer7
Sider (fra-til)539-549
Antal sider11
ISSN1562-2975
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2017

    Forskningsområder

  • Kognitionspsykologi, Neuro-psykologi

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