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Extracellular 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase stimulates RNase L-independent antiviral activity: a novel mechanism of virus-induced innate immunity

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The 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS) proteins are traditionally considered intracellular antiviral proteins. However, several studies demonstrate a correlation between the concentration of freely circulating OAS protein in sera from hepatitis C patients and their clinical prognosis. Here we demonstrate that extracellular OAS1 enters into cells and possesses a strong antiviral activity, both in vitro and in vivo, which is independent of RNase L. The OAS protein directly inhibits viral proliferation and does not require the activation of known antiviral signaling pathways. We propose that OAS produced by cells infected with viruses is released to the extracellular space, where it acts as a paracrine antiviral agent. Thus, the OAS protein represents the first direct antiviral compound released by virus-infected cells.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Virology
Vol/bind84
Nummer22
Sider (fra-til)11898-904
Antal sider7
ISSN0022-538X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 nov. 2010

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