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Exploring the milking revolution in South Scandinavia during the first half of the fourth millennium BC

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  • Bente Philippsen
  • Julie Dunne, Organic Geochemistry Unit, University of Bristol, Storbritannien
  • Adam Cordes, Danmarks Oldtid, Nationalmuseet, Danmark
  • Will Armstrong, Organic Geochemistry Unit, University of Bristol, Storbritannien
  • Toby Gillard, Organic Geochemistry Unit, University of Bristol, Storbritannien
  • poul otto nielsen, Nationalmuseet, København, Danmark
  • Lasse Sørensen, Nationalmuseet, København, Danmark
  • R.P. Evershed, University of Bristol
The Neolithisation of South Scandinavia, comprising the transition from Mesolithic hunter-gatherer lifeways to the establishment of a Neolithic farming economy, continues to be enigmatic despite 150 years of research. In particular, the scale and nature of early farming in the Funnel Beaker culture, the first Neolithic culture in the region, remains poorly understood. While artefact and faunal assemblages as well as lipid analyses indicate a continuation of hunting, gathering and especially fishing on coastal and lakeshore sites in combination with agricultural practices, stable isotopes of human bones show a change in diet towards more terrestrial, likely agricultural, resources with the onset of the Neolithic. These changes in subsistence strategies also resulted in the emergence of lactase persistence particularly concentrated in Northern Europe. Key sites in the region for understanding the complex transition are inland sites on light sandy soils, which are well suited for agriculture while offering fewer resources for hunter-fisher-gatherers. However, those well-aerated soils are detrimental to bone preservation.
Consequently, it is difficult to document the agrarian practices associated with either meat or dairy exploitation of domesticated cattle based on their age and slaughter patterns.
The joint project NeoDairy, between the National Museum of Denmark and the University of Bristol investigates the appearance of a dairy economy through lipid analyses of pottery from inland sites. The results from the lipid analysis, together with social learning theories and establishing modern-day practices of agrarian communities, will be used to document how, where and when a cattle-based dairy economy initially appeared and spread through South Scandinavia. In addition to lipid analyses of c. 500 ceramic sherds from Funnel Beaker sites in Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Germany and Poland, we intend to identify the operational chain of dairy production and the learning processes behind this through experimental practices.
Udgivelsesåraug. 2020
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2020
BegivenhedEAA 2020 - Budapest, Ungarn
Varighed: 27 aug. 2020 → …


KonferenceEAA 2020
Periode27/08/2020 → …

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