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Expansion of Agriculture in Northern Cold-Climate Regions: A Cross-Sectoral Perspective on Opportunities and Challenges

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  • Adrian Unc, Memorial University of Newfoundland, McGill University
  • ,
  • Daniel Altdorff, Memorial University of Newfoundland
  • ,
  • Evgeny Abakumov, St. Petersburg State University
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  • Sina Adl, University of Saskatchewan
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  • Snorri Baldursson, Agricultural University of Iceland
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  • Michel Bechtold, KU Leuven
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  • Douglas J. Cattani, University of Manitoba
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  • Les G. Firbank, University of Leeds
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  • Stéphanie Grand, University of Lausanne
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  • María Guðjónsdóttir, University of Iceland, Matís
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  • Cynthia Kallenbach, McGill University
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  • Amana J. Kedir, Memorial University of Newfoundland
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  • Pengfei Li, Xi'an University of Science and Technology
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  • David B. McKenzie, AgriFood Canada
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  • Debasmita Misra, University of Alaska Fairbanks
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  • Hirohiko Nagano, Niigata University
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  • Deborah A. Neher, University of Vermont
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  • Jyrki Niemi, Luke Natural Resources Institute Finland
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  • Maren Oelbermann, University of Waterloo
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  • Jesper Overgård Lehmann
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  • David Parsons, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
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  • Sylvie Quideau, University of Alberta
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  • Anarmaa Sharkhuu, National University of Mongolia
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  • Bożena Smreczak, Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation
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  • Jaana Sorvali, Luke Natural Resources Institute Finland
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  • Jeremiah D. Vallotton, Memorial University of Newfoundland
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  • Joann K. Whalen, McGill University
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  • Erika H. Young, Memorial University of Newfoundland
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  • Mingchu Zhang, University of Alaska Fairbanks
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  • Nils Borchard, Luke Natural Resources Institute Finland

Agriculture in the boreal and Arctic regions is perceived as marginal, low intensity and inadequate to satisfy the needs of local communities, but another perspective is that northern agriculture has untapped potential to increase the local supply of food and even contribute to the global food system. Policies across northern jurisdictions target the expansion and intensification of agriculture, contextualized for the diverse social settings and market foci in the north. However, the rapid pace of climate change means that traditional methods of adapting cropping systems and developing infrastructure and regulations for this region cannot keep up with climate change impacts. Moreover, the anticipated conversion of northern cold-climate natural lands to agriculture risks a loss of up to 76% of the carbon stored in vegetation and soils, leading to further environmental impacts. The sustainable development of northern agriculture requires local solutions supported by locally relevant policies. There is an obvious need for the rapid development of a transdisciplinary, cross-jurisdictional, long-term knowledge development, and dissemination program to best serve food needs and an agricultural economy in the boreal and Arctic regions while minimizing the risks to global climate, northern ecosystems and communities.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer663448
TidsskriftFrontiers in Sustainable Food Systems
Vol/bind5
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2021

Bibliografisk note

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright © 2021 Unc, Altdorff, Abakumov, Adl, Baldursson, Bechtold, Cattani, Firbank, Grand, Guðjónsdóttir, Kallenbach, Kedir, Li, McKenzie, Misra, Nagano, Neher, Niemi, Oelbermann, Overgård Lehmann, Parsons, Quideau, Sharkhuu, Smreczak, Sorvali, Vallotton, Whalen, Young, Zhang and Borchard.

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