Aarhus Universitets segl

Exogenous enzymes, meal size, and meal frequency: effect on ileal and total tract digestibility of carbohydrates, and energy and fiber degradation in growing pigs fed a wheat-barley grain-based high-fiber diet

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


When conducting a digestibility trial, pigs are usually fed only twice a day with a restricted feed intake which is not representative of the feeding conditions in a commercial farm. This study aimed to determine the effects of meal size and frequency, and exogenous enzymes (xylanase and phytase) on digestibility of a high-fibre diet using porcine in vivo and in vitro approaches. Pigs (n = 6) were fitted with a T cannula, and each received all treatments using a 6  6 Latin square experimental design. The diets were supplemented (Enz) or not with a combination of xylanase and phytase and distributed into 3 feeding programs: one received 2 meals per day that met 3 times the maintenance energy requirement (2M), one received the same quantity of feed in 8 meals (8M), and another received an amount that met 5 times the maintenance energy requirements in 8 meals (8M+). For in vitro experiment, degradability of fibre with or without xylanase supplementation only was determined. Enzyme supplementation increased apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of dry matter, starch and degradation of insoluble non-starch polysaccharides (I-NSP) in all in vivo treatments (P < 0.05). The 2M compared with 8M increased AID of starch and total tract digestibility of organic matter and I-NSP (P < 0.05). Enzyme supplementation decreased the content of insoluble arabinoxylan (P < 0.05) and increased arabinoxylan oligosaccharides (P < 0.05) in the in vivo ileal digesta and in vitro incubation. The results of this study confirm degradation by xylanase of the fibre fraction at the ileal level, which resulted in less fermentation of fibre in the large intestine. However, number and size of meals had little influence on feed digestibility. The consequences of shifting fibre fermentation more towards the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract need further investigation. The in vitro model provided a confirmation of the action of xylanase on the degradation of non-starch polysaccharides.
TidsskriftJournal of Animal Science
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2022

Bibliografisk note

© The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

Se relationer på Aarhus Universitet Citationsformater

ID: 292806022