Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are indicators of soil health and are associated with various soil benefits, primarily linked to glomalin accumulation from hyphal turnover. However, the direct connection between glomalin-related soil protein (GRSP) and AMF has been questioned. The study aimed to investigate the correlation between different fractions of GRSP and fatty acid fractions in soil, as well as the impact of conservation agriculture practices on AMF biomass and GRSP content. Findings revealed a positive correlation between easily extractable (EE) GRSP and phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) 16:1ω5, while no significant correlations were found for difficultly extractable (DE) or total GRSP fractions. These results highlight the complexity of GRSP dynamics and the need for further research on different fractions and their relation to AMF biomass. Additionally, the study demonstrated that mechanical soil management had a greater impact on AMF hyphal biomass and EE-GRSP compared to residue management. Direct seeding, a reduced tillage approach, led to higher hyphal biomass and EE-GRSP, indicating AMF sensitivity to tillage intensity. This suggests that tillage practices exert a stronger influence on AMF abundance and GRSP content than residue management.
- Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
- Signature fatty acids
- Glomalin-related soil proteins
- Conservation agricullture
- Long-term field experiment