Evaluation of Guidelines For Tonsillectomy in Adults With Recurrent Acute Tonsillitis

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The criteria for selecting patients with recurrent acute tonsillitis (RT) for tonsillectomy remain unsettled and different guidelines are used internationally. We aimed to evaluate currently used guidelines for tonsillectomy in adults with RT and identify the best predictive parameters for improved throat-related quality of life (TR-QOL) after surgery.

METHODS: About 66 RT patients undergoing tonsillectomy was prospectively included and categorized into 3 groups based on which guideline(s) they met: Group 1: patients not meeting any of the Danish/Paradise/Scottish Intercollegiate Guideline Network (SIGN) guidelines. Group 2: patients meeting the Danish guidelines. Group 3: patients meeting the Paradise and/or the SIGN guidelines. TR-QOL was assessed using the Tonsillectomy Outcome Inventory 14 (TOI-14) before and 6 months after tonsillectomy as well as the Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI). Predictive parameters for improved TR-QOL were investigated using multiple linear regression.

RESULTS: About 61 (92%) patients completed the questionnaires. Patients in all groups had significant TR-QOL improvements (Group 1 (n = 20): ΔTOI-14 31.1; GBI 29.4; Group 2 (n = 31): ΔTOI-14 32.0; GBI 36.4; Group 3 (n = 10): ΔTOI-14 45.6; GBI 39.7) and satisfaction rates were high (94%-100%). Preoperative TOI-14 score was the best predictor for improved TR-QOL (P < .001, R2 = .80), followed by the number of tonsillitis episodes with physician verification within the previous 12 months (P = .002, R2 = .25).

CONCLUSIONS: Patients in all groups experienced massive TR-QOL improvements suggesting that currently used guidelines may be too restrictive. Preoperative TOI-14 score was the best parameter for predicting TR-QOL improvement, and this tool may be useful in the selection of adults with RT for tonsillectomy.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Vol/bind132
Nummer12
Sider (fra-til)1573-1583
Antal sider11
ISSN0003-4894
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2023

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