Evaluating the effect on asthma quality of life of added reflexology or homeopathy to conventional asthma management–an investigator-blinded, randomised, controlled parallel group study

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Evaluating the effect on asthma quality of life of added reflexology or homeopathy to conventional asthma management–an investigator-blinded, randomised, controlled parallel group study. / Topcu, Ayfer; Løkke, Anders; Eriksen, Leila; Nielsen, Lars Peter; Dahl, Ronald.

I: European Clinical Respiratory Journal, Bind 7, Nr. 1, 1793526, 01.2020.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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@article{e929481a8324482aba23236d2518567e,
title = "Evaluating the effect on asthma quality of life of added reflexology or homeopathy to conventional asthma management–an investigator-blinded, randomised, controlled parallel group study",
abstract = "Background: Asthma is a common chronic disease worldwide without any known cure. Despite remarkable improvement in asthma treatment, better education and guideline implementation strategies, there is growing interest in using complementary and alternative medicine, like reflexology and homeopathy. However, evidence supporting the effectiveness of homeopathy and reflexology in asthma treatment is not available. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of reflexology and homeopathy as adjunctive therapies in asthma. Methods: In a single centre, randomised, investigator blinded, controlled study 86 asthma patients were enrolled. They were assigned to one of three study groups (conventional treatment alone or conventional treatment with addition of either homeopathy or reflexology). All patients received their asthma treatment during the study and were followed as usual by their general practitioner. The study assignment group of individual patients were blinded to the investigators, who made the clinical evaluation of asthma control. The primary outcome was the change in the asthma quality of life questionnaire (AQLQ) scores after 26 weeks. Secondary outcomes included asthma control questionnaire, EuroQol, forced expiratory volume in 1 sec, morning and evening peak expiratory flow, asthma symptoms, rescue medication use, and total medication score. Results: Minor improvements in the AQLQ score were observed in all three groups. However, no statistically significant changes in AQLQ scores were seen within or between groups. Likewise, secondary outcomes did not differ between groups. Conclusions: In this study, the addition of homeopathy or reflexology to conventional treatment did not result in improved quality of life in asthma.",
keywords = "asthma, Complementary and alternative medicine, homeopathy, quality of life, randomised controlled trial, reflexology",
author = "Ayfer Topcu and Anders L{\o}kke and Leila Eriksen and Nielsen, {Lars Peter} and Ronald Dahl",
year = "2020",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1080/20018525.2020.1793526",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "European Clinical Respiratory Journal",
issn = "2001-8525",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluating the effect on asthma quality of life of added reflexology or homeopathy to conventional asthma management–an investigator-blinded, randomised, controlled parallel group study

AU - Topcu, Ayfer

AU - Løkke, Anders

AU - Eriksen, Leila

AU - Nielsen, Lars Peter

AU - Dahl, Ronald

PY - 2020/1

Y1 - 2020/1

N2 - Background: Asthma is a common chronic disease worldwide without any known cure. Despite remarkable improvement in asthma treatment, better education and guideline implementation strategies, there is growing interest in using complementary and alternative medicine, like reflexology and homeopathy. However, evidence supporting the effectiveness of homeopathy and reflexology in asthma treatment is not available. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of reflexology and homeopathy as adjunctive therapies in asthma. Methods: In a single centre, randomised, investigator blinded, controlled study 86 asthma patients were enrolled. They were assigned to one of three study groups (conventional treatment alone or conventional treatment with addition of either homeopathy or reflexology). All patients received their asthma treatment during the study and were followed as usual by their general practitioner. The study assignment group of individual patients were blinded to the investigators, who made the clinical evaluation of asthma control. The primary outcome was the change in the asthma quality of life questionnaire (AQLQ) scores after 26 weeks. Secondary outcomes included asthma control questionnaire, EuroQol, forced expiratory volume in 1 sec, morning and evening peak expiratory flow, asthma symptoms, rescue medication use, and total medication score. Results: Minor improvements in the AQLQ score were observed in all three groups. However, no statistically significant changes in AQLQ scores were seen within or between groups. Likewise, secondary outcomes did not differ between groups. Conclusions: In this study, the addition of homeopathy or reflexology to conventional treatment did not result in improved quality of life in asthma.

AB - Background: Asthma is a common chronic disease worldwide without any known cure. Despite remarkable improvement in asthma treatment, better education and guideline implementation strategies, there is growing interest in using complementary and alternative medicine, like reflexology and homeopathy. However, evidence supporting the effectiveness of homeopathy and reflexology in asthma treatment is not available. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of reflexology and homeopathy as adjunctive therapies in asthma. Methods: In a single centre, randomised, investigator blinded, controlled study 86 asthma patients were enrolled. They were assigned to one of three study groups (conventional treatment alone or conventional treatment with addition of either homeopathy or reflexology). All patients received their asthma treatment during the study and were followed as usual by their general practitioner. The study assignment group of individual patients were blinded to the investigators, who made the clinical evaluation of asthma control. The primary outcome was the change in the asthma quality of life questionnaire (AQLQ) scores after 26 weeks. Secondary outcomes included asthma control questionnaire, EuroQol, forced expiratory volume in 1 sec, morning and evening peak expiratory flow, asthma symptoms, rescue medication use, and total medication score. Results: Minor improvements in the AQLQ score were observed in all three groups. However, no statistically significant changes in AQLQ scores were seen within or between groups. Likewise, secondary outcomes did not differ between groups. Conclusions: In this study, the addition of homeopathy or reflexology to conventional treatment did not result in improved quality of life in asthma.

KW - asthma

KW - Complementary and alternative medicine

KW - homeopathy

KW - quality of life

KW - randomised controlled trial

KW - reflexology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85088153025&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/20018525.2020.1793526

DO - 10.1080/20018525.2020.1793526

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32944201

AN - SCOPUS:85088153025

VL - 7

JO - European Clinical Respiratory Journal

JF - European Clinical Respiratory Journal

SN - 2001-8525

IS - 1

M1 - 1793526

ER -