Evaluating the effect on asthma quality of life of added reflexology or homeopathy to conventional asthma management–an investigator-blinded, randomised, controlled parallel group study

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Background: Asthma is a common chronic disease worldwide without any known cure. Despite remarkable improvement in asthma treatment, better education and guideline implementation strategies, there is growing interest in using complementary and alternative medicine, like reflexology and homeopathy. However, evidence supporting the effectiveness of homeopathy and reflexology in asthma treatment is not available. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of reflexology and homeopathy as adjunctive therapies in asthma. Methods: In a single centre, randomised, investigator blinded, controlled study 86 asthma patients were enrolled. They were assigned to one of three study groups (conventional treatment alone or conventional treatment with addition of either homeopathy or reflexology). All patients received their asthma treatment during the study and were followed as usual by their general practitioner. The study assignment group of individual patients were blinded to the investigators, who made the clinical evaluation of asthma control. The primary outcome was the change in the asthma quality of life questionnaire (AQLQ) scores after 26 weeks. Secondary outcomes included asthma control questionnaire, EuroQol, forced expiratory volume in 1 sec, morning and evening peak expiratory flow, asthma symptoms, rescue medication use, and total medication score. Results: Minor improvements in the AQLQ score were observed in all three groups. However, no statistically significant changes in AQLQ scores were seen within or between groups. Likewise, secondary outcomes did not differ between groups. Conclusions: In this study, the addition of homeopathy or reflexology to conventional treatment did not result in improved quality of life in asthma.

TidsskriftEuropean Clinical Respiratory Journal
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2020

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