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Evaluating gender equality effects in research and innovation systems

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Evaluating gender equality effects in research and innovation systems. / Bührer, Susanne; Kalpazidou Schmidt, Evanthia; Palmen, Rachel et al.

I: Scientometrics, Bind 125, Nr. 2, 11.2020, s. 1459-1475.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Bührer, S, Kalpazidou Schmidt, E, Palmen, R & Reidl, S 2020, 'Evaluating gender equality effects in research and innovation systems', Scientometrics, bind 125, nr. 2, s. 1459-1475. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-020-03596-1

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Bührer S, Kalpazidou Schmidt E, Palmen R, Reidl S. Evaluating gender equality effects in research and innovation systems. Scientometrics. 2020 nov.;125(2):1459-1475. Epub 2020 jul. 13. doi: 10.1007/s11192-020-03596-1

Author

Bührer, Susanne ; Kalpazidou Schmidt, Evanthia ; Palmen, Rachel et al. / Evaluating gender equality effects in research and innovation systems. I: Scientometrics. 2020 ; Bind 125, Nr. 2. s. 1459-1475.

Bibtex

@article{ae643c81d90740e78a47ef836be975e8,
title = "Evaluating gender equality effects in research and innovation systems",
abstract = "Despite the fact that the topic of “women in research and innovation” has been on the agenda for decades and numerous measures have been implemented at both national and supranational levels to improve gender equality in research and innovation systems, it is still unclear which measures and under which conditions these measures are most effective. Even less research has been carried out on the effects of better representation of women in terms of research and innovation. This paper is based on the application of an innovative evaluation framework, which encompasses complexity and theory of change approaches and aims at exploring the link between interventions and their subsequent effects to two case studies. We discuss two major German flagship programmes aiming at increasing the participation of female researchers in the science system, the “Women Professorship Programme” and the “Pact for Research and Innovation”. Through the two programmes, we tested and validated the evaluation framework and its indicators. As part of the validation process, a theory of change has been developed for each of the programmes. The theory-based evaluation approach helped not only to identify gender equality impacts but also broader effects on research and innovation that might have otherwise remained undetected. We studied the effects of the two programmes on the number of women in leadership positions and analysed whether an increase in the proportion of women leaders influences publication patterns. Although linear linkages are challenging to establish due to the complexity of the process, the findings suggest that the flagship programmes have contributed not only to higher shares of women researchers but also to improved female publication and citation rates. There are clear benefits for Germany in terms of scientific results from the increased proportion of female researchers in research and innovation.",
keywords = "Bibliometrics, Evaluation, Flagship programmes, Gender equality, Research and innovation, Theory of change",
author = "Susanne B{\"u}hrer and {Kalpazidou Schmidt}, Evanthia and Rachel Palmen and Sybille Reidl",
year = "2020",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1007/s11192-020-03596-1",
language = "English",
volume = "125",
pages = "1459--1475",
journal = "Scientometrics",
issn = "0138-9130",
publisher = "Akademiai Kiado Rt.",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluating gender equality effects in research and innovation systems

AU - Bührer, Susanne

AU - Kalpazidou Schmidt, Evanthia

AU - Palmen, Rachel

AU - Reidl, Sybille

PY - 2020/11

Y1 - 2020/11

N2 - Despite the fact that the topic of “women in research and innovation” has been on the agenda for decades and numerous measures have been implemented at both national and supranational levels to improve gender equality in research and innovation systems, it is still unclear which measures and under which conditions these measures are most effective. Even less research has been carried out on the effects of better representation of women in terms of research and innovation. This paper is based on the application of an innovative evaluation framework, which encompasses complexity and theory of change approaches and aims at exploring the link between interventions and their subsequent effects to two case studies. We discuss two major German flagship programmes aiming at increasing the participation of female researchers in the science system, the “Women Professorship Programme” and the “Pact for Research and Innovation”. Through the two programmes, we tested and validated the evaluation framework and its indicators. As part of the validation process, a theory of change has been developed for each of the programmes. The theory-based evaluation approach helped not only to identify gender equality impacts but also broader effects on research and innovation that might have otherwise remained undetected. We studied the effects of the two programmes on the number of women in leadership positions and analysed whether an increase in the proportion of women leaders influences publication patterns. Although linear linkages are challenging to establish due to the complexity of the process, the findings suggest that the flagship programmes have contributed not only to higher shares of women researchers but also to improved female publication and citation rates. There are clear benefits for Germany in terms of scientific results from the increased proportion of female researchers in research and innovation.

AB - Despite the fact that the topic of “women in research and innovation” has been on the agenda for decades and numerous measures have been implemented at both national and supranational levels to improve gender equality in research and innovation systems, it is still unclear which measures and under which conditions these measures are most effective. Even less research has been carried out on the effects of better representation of women in terms of research and innovation. This paper is based on the application of an innovative evaluation framework, which encompasses complexity and theory of change approaches and aims at exploring the link between interventions and their subsequent effects to two case studies. We discuss two major German flagship programmes aiming at increasing the participation of female researchers in the science system, the “Women Professorship Programme” and the “Pact for Research and Innovation”. Through the two programmes, we tested and validated the evaluation framework and its indicators. As part of the validation process, a theory of change has been developed for each of the programmes. The theory-based evaluation approach helped not only to identify gender equality impacts but also broader effects on research and innovation that might have otherwise remained undetected. We studied the effects of the two programmes on the number of women in leadership positions and analysed whether an increase in the proportion of women leaders influences publication patterns. Although linear linkages are challenging to establish due to the complexity of the process, the findings suggest that the flagship programmes have contributed not only to higher shares of women researchers but also to improved female publication and citation rates. There are clear benefits for Germany in terms of scientific results from the increased proportion of female researchers in research and innovation.

KW - Bibliometrics

KW - Evaluation

KW - Flagship programmes

KW - Gender equality

KW - Research and innovation

KW - Theory of change

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85087760017&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11192-020-03596-1

DO - 10.1007/s11192-020-03596-1

M3 - Journal article

VL - 125

SP - 1459

EP - 1475

JO - Scientometrics

JF - Scientometrics

SN - 0138-9130

IS - 2

ER -