Ergot infection in winter rye hybrids shows differential contribution of male and female genotypes and environment

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DOI

  • Anna Kodisch, University of Hohenheim
  • ,
  • Peer Wilde, KWS LOCHOW GmbH
  • ,
  • Brigitta Schmiedchen, KWS LOCHOW GmbH
  • ,
  • Franz Joachim Fromme, HYBRO Saatzucht GmbH & Co. KG
  • ,
  • Bernd Rodemann, Julius-Kuhn-Institut
  • ,
  • Anna Tratwal, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of the Republic of Poland
  • ,
  • Michael Oberforster, Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety
  • ,
  • Franz Wieser, Saatzucht LFS Edelhof
  • ,
  • Andrea Schiemann, Agrotec
  • ,
  • Lise Nistrup Jørgensen
  • Thomas Miedaner, University of Hohenheim

Contamination of ergot (Claviceps purpurea) in grains continues to be a problem in outcrossing plants like rye, especially in years of favorable infection (cold, rainy) conditions.The problem is not the yield loss, but the contamination of the grains by toxic alkaloids leading to strict critical values within the European Union. This study was conducted to (1) partition the variation of genotype, inoculation treatments and environment for ergot infection of 12 winter rye genotypes, (2) the effect of varying proportions of a non-adapted restorer gene on ergot, and to (3) reveal within the genotype the relative importance of male pollen fertility and female receptivity on the ergot reaction of single crosses bearing different restorer genes. In total, 12 rye genotypes and two factorial crossing designs with each of five female and four male lines differing in their restorer genes were tested by artificial infection in up to 16 environments in four European countries. High and significant genotypic variation regarding the ergot severity and pollen-fertility restoration were observed. Furthermore significant general combining ability and specific combining ability variances and interactions with environment were obtained. The pollen-fertility restoration of the male had by far the highest importance for ergot severity, the female component, however, also revealed a significant effect. In conclusion, selecting for superior restoration ability is the most promising way on the short term, but there are also possibilities to improve the maternal site in future breeding programs.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer65
TidsskriftEuphytica
Vol/bind216
Nummer4
Antal sider14
ISSN0014-2336
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2020

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