Equal efficacy of gastric and jejunal tube feeding in liver cirrhosis and/or alcoholic hepatitis: a randomised controlled study

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  • Palle Bager
  • Lene Olesen, Liver Nurse, Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark; Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Rikke L Baltzer, Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark; Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Mette Borre
  • Niels K Aagaard

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Malnutrition and muscle mass loss are complications in liver cirrhosis and alcoholic hepatitis (AH). Hospitalised patients who do not meet nutritional requirements are recommended to be fed enterally or parenterally, but no guidelines recommend a specific type of tube. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of jejunal versus gastric feeding.

METHOD: 40 inpatients with liver cirrhosis and/or AH, a nutritional risk score more than 2 and a reduced daily energy intake were included. Half were randomised to nasogastric (NG) and half to nasojejunal (NJ) tube feeding. All received Peptamen AF as a supplement to oral intake. Participants were followed up until discharge or death.

FINDINGS: The study evaluated the data for 33 patients for 7 days after tube insertion. Mean daily energy intake for 7 days was 6509 kJ (NG) vs 6605kJ (NJ) (P=0.90). Tubes accidently removed by patients: once (n=16); twice (n=9); three times (n=6), with no differences between NG and NJ.

CONCLUSION: There were no significant differences in total nutritional intake between early NG feeding and early NJ feeding 7 days after tube insertion. The number of tube replacements was similar in both groups. Choice of tubes for patients with severe liver disease will depend on individual patient characteristics and needs and local facilities.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBritish Journal of Nursing
Vol/bind29
Nummer20
Sider (fra-til)1148-1154
Antal sider7
ISSN0966-0461
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2020

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