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Epinephrine vs placebo in neonatal resuscitation: ROSC and brain MRS/MRI in term piglets

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BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the effect of epinephrine vs placebo on return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and brain magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging (MRS/MRI) in newborn piglets with hypoxic cardiac arrest (CA).

METHODS: Twenty-five piglets underwent hypoxia induced by endotracheal tube clamping until CA. The animals were randomized to CPR + intravenous epinephrine or CPR + placebo (normal saline). The primary outcome was ROSC, and secondary outcomes included time-to-ROSC, brain MRS/MRI, and composite endpoint of death or severe brain MRS/MRI abnormality.

RESULTS: ROSC was more frequent in animals treated with epinephrine than placebo; 10/13 vs 4/12, RR = 2.31 (95% CI: 1.09-5.77). We found no difference in time-to-ROSC (120 (113-211) vs 153 (116-503) seconds, p = 0.7) or 6-h survival (7/13 vs 3/12, p = 0.2). Among survivors, there was no difference between groups in brain MRS/MRI. We found no difference in the composite endpoint of death or severe brain MRS/MRI abnormality; RR = 0.7 (95% CI: 0.37-1.19).

CONCLUSIONS: Resuscitation with epinephrine compared to placebo improved ROSC frequency after hypoxic CA in newborn piglets. We found no difference in time-to-ROSC or the composite endpoint of death or severe brain MRS/MRI abnormality.

IMPACT: In a newborn piglet model of hypoxic cardiac arrest, resuscitation with epinephrine compared to placebo improved the rate of return of spontaneous circulation and more than doubled the 6-h survival. Brain MRS/MRI biomarkers were used to evaluate the effect of epinephrine vs placebo. We found no difference between groups in the composite endpoint of death or severe brain MRS/MRI abnormality. This study adds to the limited evidence regarding the effect and safety of epinephrine; the lack of high-quality evidence from randomized clinical trials was highlighted in the latest ILCOR 2020 guidelines, and newborn animal studies were specifically requested.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPediatric Research
Antal sider9
ISSN0031-3998
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 9 jun. 2022

Bibliografisk note

© 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to the International Pediatric Research Foundation, Inc.

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