Energy Management of a Zero-Emission Ferry Boat with a Fuel Cell-Based Hybrid Energy System: Feasibility Assessment

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Due to the increasing impacts of ships pollutants on the environment and the preventive laws that are tightening every day, the utilization of all-electric ships is a recent emerging technology. Being a promising technology, the usage of fuel cells as the main energy resource of marine vessels is an interesting choice. In this article, an all-electric hybrid energy system with zero emission based on fuel cell, battery, and cold-ironing is proposed and analyzed. To this end, actual data of a ferry boat, including load profiles and paths, are considered to assess the feasibility of the proposed energy system. The configuration of the boat and energy resources as well as the problem constraints are modeled and analyzed. Finally, the boat's energy management in hourly form for a one-day period is implemented. The improved sine cosine algorithm is used for the power dispatch optimization, and all models are implemented in MATLAB software. Based on the analysis results, the proposed hybrid system and the energy management method have high performance as an applicable method for the marine vessels. In addition, to be a zero-emission ship, the proposed system has an acceptable energy cost.

TidsskriftIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Sider (fra-til)1739-1748
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2021

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