Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy for lung nodule evaluation: Patient selection, diagnostic variables and safety

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BACKGROUND: Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB) is a relatively new technique to diagnose pulmonary lesions in patients with reduced lung function. Several parameters have been shown to affect diagnostic yield including patient selection. We performed a prospective registration of data on one hundred patients who consecutively underwent electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy. Selection criteria, patient characteristics, lesion size, distance to pleura, location of the lesion and presence of bronchus sign on computed tomography were registered.

METHODS: Navigation was performed using the superDimension hardware and software system. Patients were referred to ENB from a multidisciplinary team conference. We did not use fluoroscopy, endobronchial ultrasound equipment, rapid onsite evaluation or general anesthesia during the procedure. All patients in whom no malignant diagnose was found were subsequently followed for two years in order to verify a benign nature of the pulmonary lesion.

RESULTS: One hundred and nine ENB procedures were performed between September 2009 and November 2014. Overall diagnostic yield was 68%. Twenty seven of 49 malignant tumors were found by ENB leading to a sensitivity for malignancy of 55%. The sensitivity for malignancy was significantly higher for lesions in the upper and middle lobes compared to the lower lobes (P = 0.01). Lesions size, distance to pleura and presence of bronchus sign did not affect sensitivity.

CONCLUSION: ENB is a safe diagnostic procedure in an everyday setting with an acceptable diagnostic yield even without addition of supportive diagnostic methods and offers a possibility to diagnose pulmonary nodules in patients for whom other diagnostic procedures are too hazardous or have proven unsuccessful.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe Clinical Respiratory Journal
Vol/bind14
Nummer6
Sider (fra-til)557-563
Antal sider7
ISSN1752-6981
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2020

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© 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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