TY - JOUR

T1 - Efficient time-dependent vibrational coupled cluster computations with time-dependent basis sets at the two-mode coupling level

T2 - Full and hybrid TDMVCC[2]

AU - Jensen, Andreas Buchgraitz

AU - Højlund, Mads Greisen

AU - Zoccante, Alberto

AU - Madsen, Niels Kristian

AU - Christiansen, Ove

PY - 2023/11

Y1 - 2023/11

N2 - The computation of the nuclear quantum dynamics of molecules is challenging, requiring both accuracy and efficiency to be applicable to systems of interest. Recently, theories have been developed for employing time-dependent basis functions (denoted modals) with vibrational coupled cluster theory (TDMVCC). The TDMVCC method was introduced along with a pilot implementation, which illustrated good accuracy in benchmark computations. In this paper, we report an efficient implementation of TDMVCC, covering the case where the wave function and Hamiltonian contain up to two-mode couplings. After a careful regrouping of terms, the wave function can be propagated with a cubic computational scaling with respect to the number of degrees of freedom. We discuss the use of a restricted set of active one-mode basis functions for each mode, as well as two interesting limits: (i) the use of a full active basis where the variational modal determination amounts essentially to the variational determination of a time-dependent reference state for the cluster expansion; and (ii) the use of a single function as an active basis for some degrees of freedom. The latter case defines a hybrid TDMVCC/TDH (time-dependent Hartree) approach that can obtain even lower computational scaling. The resulting computational scaling for hybrid and full TDMVCC[2] is illustrated for polyaromatic hydrocarbons with up to 264 modes. Finally, computations on the internal vibrational redistribution of benzoic acid (39 modes) are used to show the faster convergence of TDMVCC/TDH hybrid computations towards TDMVCC compared to simple neglect of some degrees of freedom.

AB - The computation of the nuclear quantum dynamics of molecules is challenging, requiring both accuracy and efficiency to be applicable to systems of interest. Recently, theories have been developed for employing time-dependent basis functions (denoted modals) with vibrational coupled cluster theory (TDMVCC). The TDMVCC method was introduced along with a pilot implementation, which illustrated good accuracy in benchmark computations. In this paper, we report an efficient implementation of TDMVCC, covering the case where the wave function and Hamiltonian contain up to two-mode couplings. After a careful regrouping of terms, the wave function can be propagated with a cubic computational scaling with respect to the number of degrees of freedom. We discuss the use of a restricted set of active one-mode basis functions for each mode, as well as two interesting limits: (i) the use of a full active basis where the variational modal determination amounts essentially to the variational determination of a time-dependent reference state for the cluster expansion; and (ii) the use of a single function as an active basis for some degrees of freedom. The latter case defines a hybrid TDMVCC/TDH (time-dependent Hartree) approach that can obtain even lower computational scaling. The resulting computational scaling for hybrid and full TDMVCC[2] is illustrated for polyaromatic hydrocarbons with up to 264 modes. Finally, computations on the internal vibrational redistribution of benzoic acid (39 modes) are used to show the faster convergence of TDMVCC/TDH hybrid computations towards TDMVCC compared to simple neglect of some degrees of freedom.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85178102954&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/5.0175506

DO - 10.1063/5.0175506

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 38010335

SN - 0021-9606

VL - 159

JO - The Journal of Chemical Physics

JF - The Journal of Chemical Physics

IS - 20

M1 - 204106

ER -