Efficacy of an Automated Secretion Removal Technology at Different Inspiratory Pressures

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Endotracheal suctioning is resource demanding, causes patient discomfort, and is associated with adverse effects. A new artificial cough method has been developed for automated secretion removal by using rapid deflation and inflation of the endotracheal tube cuff during the inspiratory phase of mechanical ventilation. This method has been evaluated in a bench model and in animals but not in human subjects. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this method can remove the need for endotracheal suctioning in subjects and whether this is dependent on ventilator settings.

METHODS: This prospective, non-controlled study recruited 20 subjects on invasive mechanical ventilation. On the clinical need for endotracheal suctioning, the automatic cough procedure was applied 3 times over 30 s, with this repeated at higher ventilatory pressure and lower respiratory frequency if considered unsuccessful. Success was determined by removal of the clinical need for suctioning. Subject safety and comfort was measured by using the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool before and after the procedure, and negative effects were recorded. To assess intra-subject variability, the procedure was performed on 3 different occasions for each subject.

RESULTS: The procedure was successful in 18 of 20 subjects (90%), with mean subject success rates of 53% at low settings (peak inspiratory pressure 21.8 ± 3.8 cm H 2O) and 83% at high settings (peak inspiratory pressure 25.6 ± 3.6 cm H 2O). The Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool category remained unchanged in 30 procedures (77%), improved in 7 (18%), and deteriorated in 2 (5%).

CONCLUSIONS: This study illustrated the potential for significant reduction in the clinical need for endotracheal suctioning after the use of an automated artificial cough procedure at both low and high peak inspiratory pressures, and that was well tolerated.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftRespiratory Care
Vol/bind68
Nummer11
Sider (fra-til)1502-1509
Antal sider8
ISSN0020-1324
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2023

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