Effects of the engineering of a single binding pocket residue on specificity and regioselectivity of hydratases from Lactobacillus Acidophilus

Yan Zhang, Bekir Engin Eser, Georgios Kougioumtzoglou, Zekiye Eser, Michal Poborsky, Shigenobu Kishino, Michiki Takeuchi, Jun Ogawa, Peter Kristensen, Zheng Guo*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Fatty acid hydratase (FAH) mediated hydroxy fatty acid (HFA) production is a promising enzymatic route that demands diversification of hydration position to access a broader range of high-value HFAs. FA-HY1 is a promiscuous FAH from Lactobacillus Acidophilus, whereas its homolog from the same organism, FA-HY2, is strict in substrate scope and regioselectivity. Our earlier work demonstrated that three amino acid mutations at the carboxylate end of the substrate (T391/H393/I378 in FA-HY2) shift regioselectivity of FA-HY2 towards that of FA-HY1. Here, we explore alanine 216 of FA-HY2 as a hot-spot residue at the omega end of the substrate. A quadruple mutant (T391S/H393S/I378 P/A216S) demonstrates further shift in regioselectivity towards FA-HY1. Moreover, site-saturation mutagenesis of this residue in FA-HY1 (S218) led to novel variants exhibiting significant changes in regioselectivity for EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) as substrate, where, unlike wild-type enzyme, 15-OH product was the dominant product (63:37 for wild-type vs. 26:74 for S218I mutant; 12-OH:15-OH). Alterations in conversion levels that indicate pronounced correlation to the exchanged residue type were also detected. A likely explanation for the observed differences is provided based on structural, statistical and kinetic analysis.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer108006
TidsskriftBiochemical Engineering Journal
Vol/bind171
Antal sider8
ISSN1369-703X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2021

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