Aarhus Universitets segl

Effects of encapsulated butyrate and salinomycin on gut leakage and intestinal inflammation in broilers

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1. The objectives of this study were to i) compare the effects of a commercial product providing encapsulated butyrate (EB) in combination with salinomycin in diets of broilers with impaired intestinal integrity and ii) to identify easy-to-measure biomarkers to evaluate intestinal integrity and health. 2. In total, 672 one-day-old male broilers (Ross 308) were randomly assigned to three experimental groups (eight replicates/group): no dietary supplement (control); EB (500 mg/kg, UltraGuard™-DUO, Devenish, Ireland); salinomycin (69 mg/kg feed, Sacox® 120). Impaired gut integrity was induced by a 10 times overdose of a commercially attenuated live vaccine against coccidiosis (Hipracox®, Hipra) on d 17 combined with a grower feed providing rye (50 g/kg diet). 3. Improved intestinal integrity and functionality were reflected by reduced fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran (FITC-D) plasma levels, reduced bacterial translocation to the liver (on d 21) and increased plasma colouration level on d 21 after dietary supplementation of salinomycin, compared to a non-supplemented control diet. Both EB and salinomycin reduced plasma levels of D-lactate (P < 0.05). 4. An anti-inflammatory effect of salinomycin was indicated as the transient increase in circulating monocytes observed in the EB and control group from 20 to 28 d of age was slightly but not significantly reduced, in the salinomycin-fed group. Interestingly, greater expression of tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and mucin 2 (MUC2) genes (P = 0.039 and P = 0.067, respectively) were detected in the group receiving salinomycin. 5. These effects may have collectively contributed to the significantly improved performance of broilers supplemented with salinomycin. The results indicated that EB at 500 mg/kg in feed, in contrast to salinomycin, neither supported gut health nor modulated intestinal integrity in broilers.

TidsskriftBritish Poultry Science
Sider (fra-til)499-509
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2022

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