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Effects of dietary fibre and protein content on intestinal fibre degradation, short-chain fatty acid and microbiota composition in a high-fat fructose-rich diet induced obese Göttingen Minipig model

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Obesity-related metabolic syndrome has been linked with gut microbiome dysbiosis while dietary fibre (DF) and protein can modify the gut microbial ecosystem and metabolism. After 20-weeks of high-fat fructose-rich diet feeding for the development of obesity, forty-three 30-week old Göttingen Minipigs (31 ± 4.0 kg body weight) were allocated to one of the four diets with low or high DF and protein contents in a two by two factorial design and digesta were collected from the intestinal segments of minipigs after 8 weeks at libitum feeding. High DF content increased (P < 0.001) while high protein content decreased (P = 0.004) the content of non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) in all intestinal segments. Arabinoxylan (AX) as proportion of NSP was higher with high DF (P < 0.001) but decreased from the distal small intestine to the mid colon (P < 0.001). High DF increased the relative abundance of Blautia, Faecalibacterium and Peptococcus in the caecum, the mid colon and faeces, reduced the intestinal concentrations of total short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) (P = 0.020) and acetate (P = 0.011) but slightly increased butyrate pools in the large intestine (P ≤ 0.050) compared to low DF. High protein increased the SCFA (P = 0.026) and propionate (P = 0.044) concentrations in the gut. High DF induced a lower increase in the BCFA concentration and proportion throughout the colon (P < 0.001). The butyrate concentrations in plasma from the jugular vein were increased with high DF diets (P = 0.031), whereas the propionate concentrations were increased (P < 0.001) and succinate were decreased (P = 0.001) with high protein diets compared with low protein diets. In conclusion, AX in the high DF diets was continuously degraded up to the mid-colon, associated with enriched butyrate-producing bacteria and slightly improved butyrate production, while protein fermentation was attenuated by high DF and high protein did not show prebiotic effects in this obese minipig model.

TidsskriftFood & Function
Sider (fra-til)10758-10773
Antal sider16
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2020

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