Ecological and evolutionary legacy of megafauna extinctions

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Ecological and evolutionary legacy of megafauna extinctions. / Galetti, Mauro; Moleon, Marcos; Jordano, Pedro; Pires, Mathias M.; Guimaraes, Paulo R.; Pape, Thomas; Nichols, Elizabeth; Hansen, Dennis; Olesen, Jens M.; Munk, Michael; de Mattos, Jacqueline S.; Schweiger, Andreas H.; Owen-Smith, Norman; Johnson, Christopher N.; Marquis, Robert J.; Svenning, Jens-Christian.

I: Biological Reviews, Bind 93, Nr. 2, 05.2018, s. 845-862.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisReviewForskningpeer review

Harvard

Galetti, M, Moleon, M, Jordano, P, Pires, MM, Guimaraes, PR, Pape, T, Nichols, E, Hansen, D, Olesen, JM, Munk, M, de Mattos, JS, Schweiger, AH, Owen-Smith, N, Johnson, CN, Marquis, RJ & Svenning, J-C 2018, 'Ecological and evolutionary legacy of megafauna extinctions', Biological Reviews, bind 93, nr. 2, s. 845-862. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12374

APA

Galetti, M., Moleon, M., Jordano, P., Pires, M. M., Guimaraes, P. R., Pape, T., Nichols, E., Hansen, D., Olesen, J. M., Munk, M., de Mattos, J. S., Schweiger, A. H., Owen-Smith, N., Johnson, C. N., Marquis, R. J., & Svenning, J-C. (2018). Ecological and evolutionary legacy of megafauna extinctions. Biological Reviews, 93(2), 845-862. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12374

CBE

Galetti M, Moleon M, Jordano P, Pires MM, Guimaraes PR, Pape T, Nichols E, Hansen D, Olesen JM, Munk M, de Mattos JS, Schweiger AH, Owen-Smith N, Johnson CN, Marquis RJ, Svenning J-C. 2018. Ecological and evolutionary legacy of megafauna extinctions. Biological Reviews. 93(2):845-862. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12374

MLA

Vancouver

Galetti M, Moleon M, Jordano P, Pires MM, Guimaraes PR, Pape T o.a. Ecological and evolutionary legacy of megafauna extinctions. Biological Reviews. 2018 maj;93(2):845-862. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12374

Author

Galetti, Mauro ; Moleon, Marcos ; Jordano, Pedro ; Pires, Mathias M. ; Guimaraes, Paulo R. ; Pape, Thomas ; Nichols, Elizabeth ; Hansen, Dennis ; Olesen, Jens M. ; Munk, Michael ; de Mattos, Jacqueline S. ; Schweiger, Andreas H. ; Owen-Smith, Norman ; Johnson, Christopher N. ; Marquis, Robert J. ; Svenning, Jens-Christian. / Ecological and evolutionary legacy of megafauna extinctions. I: Biological Reviews. 2018 ; Bind 93, Nr. 2. s. 845-862.

Bibtex

@article{f457fa5133604599b49104fc668cb2ef,
title = "Ecological and evolutionary legacy of megafauna extinctions",
abstract = "For hundreds of millions of years, large vertebrates (megafauna) have inhabited most of the ecosystems on our planet. During the late Quaternary, notably during the Late Pleistocene and the early Holocene, Earth experienced a rapid extinction of large, terrestrial vertebrates. While much attention has been paid to understanding the causes of this massive megafauna extinction, less attention has been given to understanding the impacts of loss of megafauna on other organisms with whom they interacted. In this review, we discuss how the loss of megafauna disrupted and reshaped ecological interactions, and explore the ecological consequences of the ongoing decline of large vertebrates. Numerous late Quaternary extinct species of predators, parasites, commensals and mutualistic partners were associated with megafauna and were probably lost due to their strict dependence upon them (co-extinctions). Moreover, many extant species have megafauna-adapted traits that provided evolutionary benefits under past megafauna-rich conditions, but are now of no or limited use (anachronisms). Morphological evolution and behavioural changes allowed some of these species partially to overcome the absence of megafauna. Although the extinction of megafauna led to a number of co-extinction events, several species that likely co-evolved with megafauna established new interactions with humans and their domestic animals. Species that were highly specialized in interactions with megafauna, such as large predators, specialized parasites, and large commensalists (e.g. scavengers, dung beetles), and could not adapt to new hosts or prey were more likely to die out. Partners that were less megafauna dependent persisted because of behavioural plasticity or by shifting their dependency to humans via domestication, facilitation or pathogen spill-over, or through interactions with domestic megafauna. We argue that the ongoing extinction of the extant megafauna in the Anthropocene will catalyse another wave of co-extinctions due to the enormous diversity of key ecological interactions and functional roles provided by the megafauna.",
keywords = "anachronism, cerrado, botfly, seed dispersal, parasite-host interaction, dung beetles, plant defence, scavengers, megaherbivores, savanna, AFRICAN DUNG BEETLE, SEED-DISPERSAL, LATE PLEISTOCENE, BODY-SIZE, COLEOPTERA-SCARABAEIDAE, AMAZONIAN FORESTS, VAMPIRE BATS, LOXODONTA-AFRICANA, FEEDING-BEHAVIOR, LARGE HERBIVORES",
author = "Mauro Galetti and Marcos Moleon and Pedro Jordano and Pires, {Mathias M.} and Guimaraes, {Paulo R.} and Thomas Pape and Elizabeth Nichols and Dennis Hansen and Olesen, {Jens M.} and Michael Munk and {de Mattos}, {Jacqueline S.} and Schweiger, {Andreas H.} and Norman Owen-Smith and Johnson, {Christopher N.} and Marquis, {Robert J.} and Jens-Christian Svenning",
year = "2018",
month = may,
doi = "10.1111/brv.12374",
language = "English",
volume = "93",
pages = "845--862",
journal = "Biological Reviews",
issn = "1464-7931",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ecological and evolutionary legacy of megafauna extinctions

AU - Galetti, Mauro

AU - Moleon, Marcos

AU - Jordano, Pedro

AU - Pires, Mathias M.

AU - Guimaraes, Paulo R.

AU - Pape, Thomas

AU - Nichols, Elizabeth

AU - Hansen, Dennis

AU - Olesen, Jens M.

AU - Munk, Michael

AU - de Mattos, Jacqueline S.

AU - Schweiger, Andreas H.

AU - Owen-Smith, Norman

AU - Johnson, Christopher N.

AU - Marquis, Robert J.

AU - Svenning, Jens-Christian

PY - 2018/5

Y1 - 2018/5

N2 - For hundreds of millions of years, large vertebrates (megafauna) have inhabited most of the ecosystems on our planet. During the late Quaternary, notably during the Late Pleistocene and the early Holocene, Earth experienced a rapid extinction of large, terrestrial vertebrates. While much attention has been paid to understanding the causes of this massive megafauna extinction, less attention has been given to understanding the impacts of loss of megafauna on other organisms with whom they interacted. In this review, we discuss how the loss of megafauna disrupted and reshaped ecological interactions, and explore the ecological consequences of the ongoing decline of large vertebrates. Numerous late Quaternary extinct species of predators, parasites, commensals and mutualistic partners were associated with megafauna and were probably lost due to their strict dependence upon them (co-extinctions). Moreover, many extant species have megafauna-adapted traits that provided evolutionary benefits under past megafauna-rich conditions, but are now of no or limited use (anachronisms). Morphological evolution and behavioural changes allowed some of these species partially to overcome the absence of megafauna. Although the extinction of megafauna led to a number of co-extinction events, several species that likely co-evolved with megafauna established new interactions with humans and their domestic animals. Species that were highly specialized in interactions with megafauna, such as large predators, specialized parasites, and large commensalists (e.g. scavengers, dung beetles), and could not adapt to new hosts or prey were more likely to die out. Partners that were less megafauna dependent persisted because of behavioural plasticity or by shifting their dependency to humans via domestication, facilitation or pathogen spill-over, or through interactions with domestic megafauna. We argue that the ongoing extinction of the extant megafauna in the Anthropocene will catalyse another wave of co-extinctions due to the enormous diversity of key ecological interactions and functional roles provided by the megafauna.

AB - For hundreds of millions of years, large vertebrates (megafauna) have inhabited most of the ecosystems on our planet. During the late Quaternary, notably during the Late Pleistocene and the early Holocene, Earth experienced a rapid extinction of large, terrestrial vertebrates. While much attention has been paid to understanding the causes of this massive megafauna extinction, less attention has been given to understanding the impacts of loss of megafauna on other organisms with whom they interacted. In this review, we discuss how the loss of megafauna disrupted and reshaped ecological interactions, and explore the ecological consequences of the ongoing decline of large vertebrates. Numerous late Quaternary extinct species of predators, parasites, commensals and mutualistic partners were associated with megafauna and were probably lost due to their strict dependence upon them (co-extinctions). Moreover, many extant species have megafauna-adapted traits that provided evolutionary benefits under past megafauna-rich conditions, but are now of no or limited use (anachronisms). Morphological evolution and behavioural changes allowed some of these species partially to overcome the absence of megafauna. Although the extinction of megafauna led to a number of co-extinction events, several species that likely co-evolved with megafauna established new interactions with humans and their domestic animals. Species that were highly specialized in interactions with megafauna, such as large predators, specialized parasites, and large commensalists (e.g. scavengers, dung beetles), and could not adapt to new hosts or prey were more likely to die out. Partners that were less megafauna dependent persisted because of behavioural plasticity or by shifting their dependency to humans via domestication, facilitation or pathogen spill-over, or through interactions with domestic megafauna. We argue that the ongoing extinction of the extant megafauna in the Anthropocene will catalyse another wave of co-extinctions due to the enormous diversity of key ecological interactions and functional roles provided by the megafauna.

KW - anachronism

KW - cerrado

KW - botfly

KW - seed dispersal

KW - parasite-host interaction

KW - dung beetles

KW - plant defence

KW - scavengers

KW - megaherbivores

KW - savanna

KW - AFRICAN DUNG BEETLE

KW - SEED-DISPERSAL

KW - LATE PLEISTOCENE

KW - BODY-SIZE

KW - COLEOPTERA-SCARABAEIDAE

KW - AMAZONIAN FORESTS

KW - VAMPIRE BATS

KW - LOXODONTA-AFRICANA

KW - FEEDING-BEHAVIOR

KW - LARGE HERBIVORES

U2 - 10.1111/brv.12374

DO - 10.1111/brv.12374

M3 - Review

C2 - 28990321

VL - 93

SP - 845

EP - 862

JO - Biological Reviews

JF - Biological Reviews

SN - 1464-7931

IS - 2

ER -