Early effects of eccentric contractions on muscle glucose uptake

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Muscle-damaging eccentric exercise impairs muscle glucose uptake several hours to days after exercise. Little, however, is known about the acute effects of eccentric exercise on contraction- and insulin-induced glucose uptake. This study compares glucose uptake rates in the first hours following eccentric, concentric, and isometric contractions with and without insulin present. Isolated rat extensor digitorum longus muscles were exposed to either an eccentric, concentric, or isometric contraction protocol, and muscle contractions were induced by electric stimulation that was identical between contraction protocols. In eccentric and concentric modes, length changes of 0.6 or 1.2 mm were used during contractions. Both contraction- and insulin-induced glucose uptake were assessed immediately and 2 h after contractions. Glucose uptake increased significantly following all modes of contraction and was higher after eccentric contractions with a stretch of 1.2 mm compared with the remaining contraction groups when assessed immediately after contractions [eccentric (1.2 mm) > eccentric (0.6 mm), concentric (1.2 mm), concentric (0.6 mm), isometric > rest; P < 0.05]. After 2 h, contraction-induced glucose uptake was still higher than noncontracting levels, but with no difference between contraction modes. The presence of insulin increased glucose uptake markedly, but this response was blunted by, respectively, 39-51% and 29-36% ( P < 0.05) immediately and 2 h after eccentric contractions stretched 1.2 mm compared with concentric and isometric contractions. The contrasting early effects of eccentric contractions on contraction- and insulin-induced glucose uptake suggest that glucose uptake is impaired acutely following eccentric exercise because of reduced insulin responsiveness. NEW & NOTEWORTHY This study shows that, in isolated rat muscle, muscle-damaging eccentric contractions result in a transient increase in contraction-induced glucose uptake compared with isometric and concentric contractions induced by identical muscle activation protocols. Furthermore, our results demonstrate that, in contrast, the insulin-stimulated glucose uptake is impaired immediately following muscle-damaging eccentric contractions.

TidsskriftJournal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)
Sider (fra-til)376-385
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - 1 feb. 2019

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