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Dynamics of fatty acid and non-volatile polar metabolite profiles in colostrum and milk depending on the lactation stage and parity number of sows

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  • Sarn Settachaimongkon, Chulalongkorn University
  • ,
  • Kunaporn Homyog, Mahidol University
  • ,
  • Wanwimon Mekboonsonglarp, Chulalongkorn University
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  • Pitikorn Soonoue, Chulalongkorn University
  • ,
  • Theerawat Lerdamnuaylarp, Chulalongkorn University
  • ,
  • Poonradit Prayoonpeeraput, Chulalongkorn University
  • ,
  • Peter Kappel Theil
  • ,
  • Morakot Nuntapaitoon, Chulalongkorn University

The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of lactation stage and parity number on fatty acid and non-volatile polar metabolite profiles in sow colostrum and milk using a metabolomics approach. A total number of 63 colostrum, transient and mature milk were collected from primiparous and multiparous Landrace × Yorkshire crossbred sows. Macrochemical, fatty acid and non-volatile polar metabolite compositions of samples were analyzed using infrared spectrometry, gas chromatography coupled with mass-spectrometry and proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, respectively. Univariate and multivariate statistical analysis demonstrated significant impacts of lactation stage and parity number on colostrum and milk compositions. Chemometric analysis revealed significant influences of sow parity on the distinction in fatty acid profiles of mature milk while the distinction in non-volatile polar metabolite profiles was more evident in colostrum. Alterations in the concentration of linoleic (C18:2n6), lignoceric (C24:0), behenic (C22:0), caprylic (C8:0) and myristoleic (C14:1) acid together with those of creatine, creatinine phosphate, glutamate and glycolate were statistically suggested to be mainly affected by sow parity number. Variations in the concentration of these compounds reflected the physiological function of sow mammary gland influenced. This information could be applied for feed and feeding strategies in lactating sows and improving lactating performances.

TidsskriftScientific Reports
Antal sider12
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2023

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